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The aim of this educational review is to provide practical information on the hardware, methodology, and the hands on application of chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence technology. We present the paper in a question and answer format like frequently asked questions. Although nearly all information on the application of Chl a fluorescence can be found in the(More)
High dose intravenous glucocorticoid pulse (i.v. GCS) therapy is a proven approach in patients with active, moderate to severe Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). In moderate to severe GO, the European Group on Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO) recommends a 12-week course of intravenous methylprednisolone (i.v. MP) pulse therapy with(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence rate of patients with urinary incontinence after pelvic surgery as well as the distribution of urinary incontinence types depending on the type of surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS 200 consecutive female patients, aged between 33 and 85 years old, administered to urodynamic diagnostic due to(More)
INTRODUCTION To evaluate the effectiveness of methylprednisolone (MP) and surgical treatment in achieving complete reversal of dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) and predictive factors of this therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS The group consisted of 10 patients (18 eyes) with DON. The diagnosis of DON was based on at least two criteria from the following: (i)(More)
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