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We describe the optimization of a poly(Phe) synthesis system, the conditions of which have been applied for efficient translation of heteropolymeric mRNAs. Here we identify two parameters that are essential to obtain translation at efficiency and accuracy levels equivalent to those in vivo, viz., the fine-tuning of the energy-rich components with an(More)
The effects of storage and deep desiccation on structural changes of DNA in orthodox seeds are poorly characterized. In this study we analyzed the 5-methylcytosine (m(5)C) global content of DNA isolated from seeds of common pear (Pyrus communis L.) that had been subjected to extreme desiccation, and the seedlings derived from these seeds. Germination and(More)
Black poplar (Populus nigra L.) is a widely distributed species that plays a crucial role in riparian forest ecosystems. Due to a reduction in its natural habitats and hybridization with introduced poplar species clones, its genetic pool is decreasing and efforts are required to preserve this species. Seeds of black poplar are short-lived and quickly lose(More)
Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) is an ecologically and economically important forest tree species which produces seeds that are classified as recalcitrant. Thus, cryopreservation of seed meristems is a method for long-term preservation of this germplasm in gene banks. During cryopreservation, many factors, such as desiccation, cryoprotection and(More)
5-methylcytosine, an abundant epigenetic mark, plays an important role in the regulation of plant growth and development, but there is little information about stress-induced changes in DNA methylation in seeds. In the present study, changes in a global level of m5C were measured in orthodox seeds of Acer platanoides L. during seed desiccation from a WC of(More)
Black poplar (Populus nigra L.) is an alluvial forest tree species whose genetic pool is decreasing in Europe. Poplar trees produce short-lived seeds that do not store well. The feasibility of seed storage in conventional and cryogenic conditions after their desiccation from water content (WC) of 0.15 to 0.07 g H2O g−1 dry mass (g g−1) was investigated.(More)
DNA cytosine methylation catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is an epigenetic method of gene expression regulation and development. Changes in methylation pattern lead to carcinogenesis. Inhibition of DNMT1 activity could be a good strategy of safe and efficient epigenetic therapy. In this work, we present a novel group of cytosine analogs as(More)
DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is one of three enzymes independently coded in mammalian cells. It catalyses postreplicative synthesis of 5-methylcytosine in DNA. The aim of this modification is regulation of gene expression characteristic for the given organism. DNMT1 maintains methylation pattern by copying it from maternal to daughter stand.(More)
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