Beata Majchrzak-Kita

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CCL5 (RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted)) and its cognate receptor, CCR5, have been implicated in T cell activation. CCL5 binding to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on the cell surface or in extracellular matrix sequesters CCL5, thereby immobilizing CCL5 to provide the directional signal. In two CCR5-expressing human T cell(More)
Multiple signaling pathways are engaged by the type I and II IFN receptors, but their specific roles and possible coordination in the generation of IFN-mediated biological responses remain unknown. We provide evidence that activation of Akt kinases is required for IFN-inducible engagement of the mTOR/p70 S6 kinase pathway. Our data establish that Akt(More)
The mechanisms regulating initiation of mRNA translation for the generation of protein products that mediate interferon (IFN) responses are largely unknown. We have previously shown that both Type I and II IFNs engage the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), resulting in downstream phosphorylation and deactivation of the translational repressor 4E-BP1(More)
Interferon (IFN)-alpha and IFN-beta are critical mediators of host defense against microbial challenges, directly interfering with viral infection and influencing both the innate and adaptive immune responses. IFNs exert their effects in target cells through the activation of a cell-surface receptor, leading to a cascade of signaling events that determine(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs) are cytokines with diverse biological properties, including antiviral, growth inhibitory, and immunomodulatory effects. Although several signaling pathways are activated during engagement of the type I IFN receptor and participate in the induction of IFN responses, the mechanisms of generation of specific signals for distinct(More)
PI3K is activated by the type I and II IFN receptors, but its precise role in the generation of IFN responses is not well understood. In the present study we used embryonic fibroblasts from mice with targeted disruption of the genes encoding for both the p85alpha and p85beta regulatory subunits of PI3'-kinase (p85alpha(-/-)beta(-/-)) to precisely define the(More)
The precise STAT-regulated gene targets that inhibit cell growth and generate the antitumor effects of Type I interferons (IFNs) remain unknown. We provide evidence that Type I IFNs regulate expression of Schlafens (SLFNs), a group of genes involved in the control of cell cycle progression and growth inhibitory responses. Using cells with targeted(More)
IFNs transduce signals by binding to cell surface receptors and activating cellular pathways and regulatory networks that control transcription of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) and mRNA translation, leading to generation of protein products that mediate biological responses. Previous studies have shown that type I IFN receptor-engaged pathways downstream of(More)
Although the roles of Jak-Stat pathways in type I and II interferon (IFN)-dependent transcriptional regulation are well established, the precise mechanisms of mRNA translation for IFN-sensitive genes remain to be defined. We examined the effects of IFNs on the phosphorylation/activation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4B (eIF4B). Our data show(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) represent a major cellular component of our front-line defense against viruses because of their capacity to rapidly secrete type I interferon (IFN)-alpha and -beta after infection. Constant immunosurveillance of the host requires that lymphocytes traffic through lymph nodes (LNs) to sample antigen, yet little is known(More)