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Determining the optimum algorithm for diagnostic procedure in suspected acute appendicitis (AA) may not only reduce the number of unnecessary operations, but also the frequency of complications, and may contribute measurably to reducing the costs of treating patients with acute abdominal conditions. The aim of the study was to assess the value of standard(More)
INTRODUCTION Arterial thickening contributes to elevated cardiovascular risk in patients on maintenance renal replacement therapy. The common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) is an early atherosclerotic marker and may be used to assess the stratification of atherosclerotic advancement and resultant arterial calcification. OBJECTIVES The aim(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) suffer from markedly increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Common carotid artery (CCA) intima-media thickness (IMT) assessment and CCA plaque identification using ultrasound are well-recognized tools for identification and monitoring of atherosclerosis. A new method for monitoring the(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor, has been shown to exhibit gastroprotective properties. The aim of present study was to determine whether ghrelin administration protects the pancreas against ischemia/reperfusion-induced pancreatitis and, if so, what is the role of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between the advancement of secondary hyperparathyroidism and the concentrations of selected calcification markers, i.e. osteopontin (OPN), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteocalcin (OC), fetuin-A as well as fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) in peritoneal dialysis patients (PD). MATERIAL AND(More)
Grapefruit seed extract (GSE) has been shown to exert antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity possibly due to the presence of naringenin, the flavonoid with cytoprotective action on the gastric mucosa. No study so far has been undertaken to determine whether this GSE is also capable of preventing acute pancreatic damage induced by(More)
Some recent studies indicate that cannabis may induce acute pancreatitis in humans and administration of anandamide increases the severity of acute pancreatitis; whereas another study exhibits some therapeutic effects in acute pancreatitis. Aim of the present study was to discover what is the reason for these opposite confusing results and to determine the(More)
Recent studies have shown that pretreatment with ghrelin exhibits protective effect in the gut. Administration of ghrelin reduces gastric mucosal damage, as well as inhibits the development of experimental pancreatitis. However, this protective effect requires administration of ghrelin before gastric or pancreatic damage and thus has a limited clinical(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Clinical practice shows significant differences in treatment outcomes and toxicity of sunitinib across patients. This retrospective study assessed early predictive markers for progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with sunitinib in the first-line setting. METHODS We(More)
Ghrelin is a ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor and stimulates release of growth hormone (GH). Recent studies have shown that treatment with ghrelin exhibits protective and therapeutic effect in the course of experimental pancreatitis. The aim of present study was to examine the role of GH and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in these(More)