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This review summarizes the current knowledge of characterized neurotrophic factors, including nerve growth factor (NGF) which serves as paradigmatic example when studying novel molecules. Special consideration is given to the function of neurotrophic factors in the adult and aging brain. Strategies are discussed for the eventual development of(More)
To study the selectivity of neurotrophic actions in the brain, we analyzed the actions of several known growth factors on septal cholinergic, pontine cholinergic, and mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in culture. Similar to nerve growth factor (NGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulated choline acetyltransferase activity in septal cultures. In(More)
BACKGROUND Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) increases serum LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. We assessed the effects of AMG 145, a human monoclonal antibody against PCSK9, in patients with hypercholesterolaemia in the absence of concurrent lipid-lowering treatment. METHODS In a phase 2 trial done at 52 centres in Europe, the(More)
Chronic exposure of brain neurons to nerve growth factor in vitro and in vivo results in increased levels of the nerve growth factor receptor TrkA. In contrast, in the present study, we have found that chronic exposure of rat embryonic cortical neurons to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) leads to a pronounced reduction of the levels of protein and(More)
BACKGROUND Substantial evidence suggests that anemia is an independent risk factor for worse outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). The Study of Anemia in Heart Failure Trial (STAMINA-HeFT) is the largest multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to date evaluating the effect of treating anemia in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
In search of the possible involvement of neurotrophic factors in inherited neurological disease, we examined brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), nerve growth factor (NGF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) mRNA expression patterns in the ataxic mutant mouse stargazer (stg). Using in situ hybridization, we found a selective and near total reduction in BDNF(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous evolocumab compared with oral ezetimibe in hypercholesterolemic patients who are unable to tolerate effective statin doses. BACKGROUND Statin intolerance, which is predominantly due to muscle-related side effects, is reported in up to 10% to 20% of patients. Evolocumab, a(More)
Cultures of dissociated embryonic rat mesencephalic cells were exposed to 10 microM 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), a concentration shown earlier to result in loss of greater than 85% of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons without affecting the total number of cells observed by phase-contrast microscopy. To characterize better the selectivity of(More)