Beant S. Ahloowalia

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During the past seventy years, worldwide more than 2250 varieties have been released that have been derived either as direct mutants or from their progenies. Induction of mutations with radiation has been the most frequently used method for directly developed mutant varieties. The prime strategy in mutation-based breeding has been to upgrade the(More)
Conventional mutation techniques have often been used to improve yield, quality, disease and pest resistance in crops, or to increase the attractiveness of flowers and ornamental plants. More than 1700 mutant varieties involving 154 plant species have been officially released. In some economically important crops, e.g. barley, durum wheat and cotton, mutant(More)
Plants, regenerated from callus cultures of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) clone IJ76-316, originated through somatic embryogenesis. Callus cultures were established from primordial leaves and apical meristems on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with 3 mg 1−1 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and 100 ml 1−1 coconut water (MSC3). Nodular(More)
The use of ionizing radiation, such as X-rays, gamma rays and neutrons and chemical mutagens for inducing variation, is well established. Induced mutations have been used to improve major crops such as wheat, rice, barley,cotton, peanuts, and beans, which are seed propagated. Since the establishment of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of the Nuclear Techniques(More)
Transmission of somaclonal variation was studied in callus derived (SC1) plants of wheat, Triticum aestivum L. Second (SC2), third (SC3) and fourth (SC4) generations were compared with those obtained from embryo culture (E1-E4). SC2 generation had significantly lower grain yield (−37.3%), reduced thousand kernel weight (−7.8%) and shorter height (−2.1%)(More)
Aneuploids with 26 to 30 chromosomes occurred in progenies of induced tetraploids of Lolium perenne in a frequency of 6 to 23% in C1 families, 12% in C2 and 6% in advanced generations. The most frequent types had 27 and 29 chromosomes. Most were apparently recovered through female transmission, which varied for aneuploid gametes with different chromosome(More)
Six primary trisomics of ryegrass, Lolium perenne L., were studied in perennial and perennial x annual hybrid backgrounds. Chromosome association at meiotic metaphase I and chiasma number per cell of the individual trisomes did not differ in the two genetic backgrounds. Hybrid trisomies showed wider variation in morphology, and had higher pollen fertility(More)