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The aim of this study was to document the anatomical landmarks of the motor entry point (MEP) and the intramuscular motor point (IMP) of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle for effective botulinum toxin injections. Thirty-five specimens from 20 adults bodies donated to science were investigated. The reference points were the mastoid process and the most(More)
This study examined the anatomic location of the motor entry point (MEP) and branching point at the proximal and distal points of the tendon of the peroneal muscle by visual observation. Forty-three fresh legs of 25 adult bodies which had been donated to science were investigated in this study. The mean length of the reference line between the most proximal(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical location of the motor points of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and brevis (FHB) muscles for an effective motor point block. METHODS Twenty cadavers were used for this study. For the FHL, we identified the line between the medial and lateral epicondyle of the femur and the line joining(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the anatomical location of the motor entry point (MEP) and intramuscular motor point (IMP) of the tibialis posterior muscle for effective motor point block. Thirty-six fresh specimens from 20 adult Korean cadavers (11 males and 9 females) were investigated. The reference line between the most proximal-medial articular(More)
The aim of this study was to document the anatomical landmarks of the submandibular gland (SMG) for a botulinum toxin injection. Thirty-four SMGs from 20 cadavers were examined. The mean length of a reference line between the angle of the mandible and the gnathion was 94.8 ± 5.9 mm, the proximal and distal point of the SMG from the angle of the mandible was(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the anatomical location of tibial nerve (TN) and common peroneal nerve (CPN) in the popliteal crease for specific nerve block. Fifty fresh specimens from 27 adult Korean cadavers (16 males and 11 females, age 35–87 years) were investigated. Five of the 27 cadavers were used to determine the depths of nerves in(More)
The X-band RF linear accelerators (LINAC’s) are popular for medical application due to its compactness [1, 2]. To increase the precision of treatment accuracy under circumstance in which the LINAC is mounted on an apparatus such as gantry frame or robot-arm; this is an advantage as the weight and size are more reduced [3]. It is a 9.3 GHz magnetron with the(More)
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