Learn More
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) by using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS University medical center and an outpatient imaging center. PARTICIPANTS Female patients with CTS (n=20) were randomized(More)
Carpal tunnel syndrome, although rare, is known to occur in children mainly because of genetic or metabolic disorders. The clinical findings are variable and include symptoms of burning pain, tingling, numbness, and weakness or atrophy in the hands of the patients. It is usually diagnosed by demonstration of prolonged distal latency times during the(More)
Muscle overactivity (spasticity, dystonia or spasm) seen in certain neuromuscular disorders has been effectively treated with intramuscular injection of botulinum neurotoxins (BoTXs). Since they act in the nerve terminals, the toxin must be transported to the neuromuscular junctions which are generally clustered in one or more restricted areas (innervations(More)
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal upper limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the upper limb and the shoulder girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the(More)
A variety of physical modalities are applied in the treatment and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders, but the efficacy of these passive interventions is still controversial. Despite the well-known physiological effects, there are either no clinical data or there is insufficient clinical information on the effectiveness of many techniques used in(More)
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal lower limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the lower limb and the pelvic girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the(More)
  • 1