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Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in the Indonesian population, yet little is known about the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV). We investigated age-specific prevalence of HPV types and possible risk factors of HPV positivity in a population-based sample of 2686 women, aged 15-70 years, in Jakarta, Tasikmalaya, and Bali,(More)
Bleeding problems can be one of the major reasons for women to discontinue the use of hormonal contraceptives. Causes of endometrial bleeding can include disturbances in endometrial regeneration and angiogenesis. Endothelial cells migrate and proliferate rapidly as part of the angiogenic process under the influence of appropriate stimuli. The aim of this(More)
Cytokeratins 8, 18 and 19 are members of the cytoskeletal intermediate filament family found in all simple epithelia. Intermediate filaments are dynamic intracytoplasmic structures that can be influenced by a number of external factors. Norethisterone enanthate (NET-EN) is a long-acting progestogen contraceptive that has been found to arrest endometrial(More)
Long-acting progestin contraceptives have been available in many countries for a number of years with a large number of women now using them. Although some improvements in delivery systems have been made, the major problem with progestin-only contraceptives remains unpredictable endometrial breakthrough bleeding (BTB), which is responsible for more than 50%(More)
The etiology of recurrent aphthous ulcers (RAU) has not been clearly defined. However, the results of several studies indicated the evidence of the role of immunological factors. The association between the regulator and effector component of the immune system in RAU needs clarifying by comparing major and minor type of RAU patients. The proportion of(More)
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