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Dravet syndrome (DS) is a genetically determined epileptic encephalopathy mainly caused by de novo mutations in the SCN1A gene. Since 2003, we have performed molecular analyses in a large series of patients with DS, 27% of whom were negative for mutations or rearrangements in SCN1A. In order to identify new genes responsible for the disorder in the(More)
We reviewed 200 patients with paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis (PEM) and anti-Hu antibodies to show possible clinical differences with respect to previous series, and to identify patient, tumour and treatment-related characteristics associated with neurological disability and survival. The median age of the 200 patients was 63 years (range 28-82 years) and(More)
BACKGROUND Maternally derived duplications of the 15q11-q13 region are the most frequently reported chromosomal aberrations in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes, caused by 15q11-q13 deletions or abnormal methylation of imprinted genes, are also associated with ASD. However, the prevalence of these disorders in ASD is(More)
The precise immune mechanisms of neuronal death in anti-Hu-associated paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis (PEM) are unclear. We performed an immunohistochemical study on postmortem brain tissue from 11 patients with anti-Hu-associated PEM to further characterize the immune reaction and to ascertain possible mechanisms of neuronal death. To analyze inflammatory(More)
Paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis or subacute sensory neuronopathy associated with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and high titers of anti-HuD antibodies, also called the "anti-Hu syndrome," is believed to result from an immune response triggered by tumor antigens and misdirected to the neurons. To further assess the issue of cell-mediated immunity in this(More)
T-cell clones of unknown significance (TCUS), assessed by monoclonal or oligoclonal T-cell patterns in PCR-DGGE, were detected in blood of 7/9 patients with anti-Hu syndrome. Clonal patterns were also detected in 2/2 neoplastic lymph nodes, and in 2/2 inflamed dorsal root ganglia from three patients. Only some T-cell clones found in target tissues were also(More)
Chromosomal rearrangements are found in a subset of patients with autism. Duplications involving loci associated with behavioural disturbances constitute an especially good candidate mechanism. The Williams-Beuren critical region (WBCR), located at 7q11.23, is commonly deleted in Williams-Beuren microdeletion syndrome (WBS). However, only four patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical and immunological profiles of patients with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are not well known. OBJECTIVE To review the clinical and immunological features of patients with PCD, NSCLC and without well-characterised onconeural antibodies. METHODS The clinical features of nine(More)
The anti-Hu syndrome is the most common paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome but the exact mechanism of immune mediated neuronal injury remains unknown. Anti-Hu antibodies do not appear to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the disease. To assess cell-mediated immunity, we selected 51 peptides from the Hu-D sequence and tested their ability to bind to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical spectrum of ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) in adults, with a focus on movement disorders. METHODS A total of 14 consecutive adults with A-T were included at 2 tertiary adult movement disorders centers and compared to 53 typical patients with A-T. Clinical evaluation, neurophysiologic and video-oculographic recording, imaging,(More)