Bawo Onesirosan James

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Suicidality has been reported to be common in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Reports from sub-Saharan countries have been scanty. We surveyed the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempt among PLWHAs (n=150) and compared them with staff of a local government who acted as controls. Over a third (34.7%) of PLWHAs versus 4% of controls expressed(More)
OBJECTIVES Women with infertility experience higher rates of psychological distress compared with their fertile counterparts. In developing countries, socio-cultural factors may aggravate this distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence of psychological distress as well as its associated socio-cultural characteristics among women attending the(More)
The current status of modified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) practice in Nigeria and the attitudes toward the procedure was explored in a cross-sectional study of psychiatrists and trainees. Most psychiatric facilities still make use of the unmodified type of ECT. Although half of the respondents considered their knowledge of ECT as inadequate, most(More)
Objective To determine the relationship between depression and the subjective assessment of quality of life (QoL) in a sample of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) attending outpatient clinics at a regional university teaching hospital in Nigeria.Methods A cross-section of 200 patients were administered the depression module of the Schedule for the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess nurses' perspectives on character, prevalence and cause of oral diseases among psychiatric patients and also their approach and suggestions in relation to the care of oral problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey of all cadres of nurses (n = 136) at the Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City,(More)
Guidelines on the use of rapid tranquillizers for severe behavioural disturbance have changed over the last six decades. This survey reports a minimal change in the prescription patterns among psychiatrists sampled from Africa. Parenteral chlorpromazine and diazepam are still commonly prescribed, the least being intramuscular lorazepam, olanzapine and(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is a common co-morbidity among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHAs). It is associated with poor treatment adherence and higher mortality rates. Few reports have, however, emanated from developing countries where socioeconomic factors may confound this(More)
Stigma is commonly encountered by individuals with mental illness and leads to discrimination. These phenomena restrict access to and use of mental health care services. This study evaluated the impact of stigma and discrimination among individuals with major depression in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted across four tertiary psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND While the aetiology for most psychotic disorders is unknown, a strong association has been observed between Toxoplasma gondii infection and psychosis. The proportion of individuals with psychotic disorders who have current or past infection with toxoplasma has been varied. Reports from the African continent have however been scanty. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVE The clergy in sub-Saharan Africa play a major role in the care and pathways to orthodox mental health services of the mentally ill. Their attitudes concerning mental illnesses would influence community mental health intervention efforts. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of clergy towards persons with mental illness. METHOD A(More)