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OBJECTIVE To establish the incidence and risk factors for progression to high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-IEN) or Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma (BAc) in a prospective cohort of patients with esophageal intestinal metaplasia [(BE)]. BACKGROUND BE is associated with an increased risk of BAc unless cases are detected early by surveillance. No(More)
Recurrence of diverticulitis is frequent within 5 years from the uncomplicated first attack, and its prophylaxis is still unclear. We have undertaken a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study in order to evaluate the role of mesalazine in preventing diverticulitis recurrence as well as its effects on symptoms associated to(More)
This experimental and clinical study examined the relationship between oesophageal damage and optimal pH of refluxate, and whether 24-h pH monitoring at optimal pH could discriminate the severity of oesophagitis. The rabbit oesophagus was perfused in vivo with pepsin and hydrochloric acid solutions of differing pH for 60 min. Maximal oesophageal damage(More)
The clinical course of gastric and duodenal ulcer and the efficacy of H2 blockers in ulcer healing and the prevention of relapse in cirrhotic liver patients were studied. Seventy-four cirrhotic patients with endoscopically proven acute gastric ulcer (30), duodenal ulcer (34) or a combination of both gastric and duodenal ulcers (10) were treated for six(More)
Several papers suggested a role for H. pylori infection in gastric cancer. We evaluated the prevalence of H. pylori infection in an endoscopic population of patients with gastric precancerous conditions and lesions by studying biopsies from 252 patients and recording the presence and degree of H. pylori infection. Patients were subgrouped as follows:(More)
OBJECTIVE Low-grade intestinal inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS. In this trial, we aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of mesalazine in patients with IBS. DESIGN We conducted a phase 3, multicentre, tertiary setting, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with Rome III confirmed IBS. Patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Incidence of adenocarcinoma of distal oesophagus and gastric cardia, probably arising from areas of intestinal metaplasia, has been increasing rapidly. AIMS To define prevalence of intestinal metaplasia of distal oesophagus, oesophagogastric junction and gastric cardia and to evaluate potential associated factors, by means of a prospective(More)
Mucosal blood flow performs an extremely important role in microcirculation wherein alterations necessarily lead to severe gastric and duodenal mucosal lesions. The removal of back-diffused H+ ions through the adaptation of microcirculatory flow represents a valid defence mechanism. The blood flow's inability to contain H+ back-diffusion lies at the bottom(More)
A technique for determining pepsinogen group I (PGI) concentrations in endoscopic gastroduodenal biopsies is described and validated. This method has a good precision (intra-assay CVs 4.1% to 8.4%; between-assay CVs 4.6% to 9.3%), and analytical recovery is satisfactory (94% to 102%). Results were uninfluenced by the storage interval of the samples. At(More)