Bastian Rouven Brückner

Learn More
During CNS development, oligodendrocytes wrap their plasma membrane around axons to generate multilamellar myelin sheaths. To drive growth at the leading edge of myelin at the interface with the axon, mechanical forces are necessary, but the underlying mechanisms are not known. Using an interdisciplinary approach that combines morphological, genetic, and(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of gold nanoparticles on cell viability has been extensively studied in the past. Size, shape and surface functionalization including opsonization of gold particles ranging from a few nanometers to hundreds of nanometers are among the most crucial parameters that have been focussed on. Cytoxicity of nanomaterial has been assessed by(More)
Cellular mechanics plays a crucial role in many biological processes such as cell migration, cell growth, embryogenesis, and oncogenesis. Epithelia respond to environmental cues comprising biochemical and physical stimuli through defined changes in cell elasticity. For instance, cells can differentiate between certain properties such as viscoelasticity or(More)
The biological process of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) allows epithelial cells to enhance their migratory and invasive behavior and plays a key role in embryogenesis, fibrosis, wound healing, and metastasis. Among the multiple biochemical changes from an epithelial to a mesenchymal phenotype, the alteration of cellular dynamics in(More)
The local mechanical properties of cells are frequently probed by force indentation experiments carried out with an atomic force microscope. Application of common contact models provides a single parameter, the Young's modulus, to describe the elastic properties of cells. The viscoelastic response of cells, however, is generally measured in separate(More)
Osmotic stress poses one of the most fundamental challenges to living cells. Particularly, the largely inextensible plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells easily ruptures under in-plane tension calling for sophisticated strategies to readily respond to osmotic stress. We describe how epithelial cells react and adapt mechanically to the exposure to hypotonic(More)
Direct linkage between the plasma membrane and the actin cytoskeleton is controlled by the protein ezrin, a member of the ezrin-radixin-moesin protein family. To function as a membrane-cytoskeleton linker, ezrin needs to be activated in a process that involves binding of ezrin to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and phosphorylation of a(More)
  • 1