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The Italian Combat Performance: ‘Chicken Led by Donkeys’?
Conventional wisdom about the Second World War has it that Germany’s allies cracked on the Don, leading to the catastrophic defeat at Stalingrad.
Multipolarity is key: Assessing Azerbaijan's foreign policy
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Narratives About Victimhood: Evil Germans, Good Italian Occupiers and Evil Soviets?
Besides the question of combat performance and officers’ capabilities, three other fields need connecting: the question of German behaviour vis-a-vis their ally, the Italian occupation and the fate
The Italian Operations on the Eastern Front (1941)
Italian soldiers had fought on Russian soil as part of the Grande Armee in 1812, in the Crimean War, and during the chaotic years of the Russian Civil War. Despite the relatively good relations
Conclusion
The Italian Army Before the Second World War (1861–1940)
The Risorgimento led to the (late) creation of an Italian nation state and a unified Army (1861). Yet, strong regional peculiarities and the lack of any successful military campaign burdened the
A Prelude to Total War? The Abyssinian War (1935–36) in the Eyes of Foreign Military Observers
The conflict between Italy and Ethiopia in 1935–36 has been framed as a prelude to the Second World War and as a watershed towards ‘Total War’. One perspective has so far been neglected: the
A Blueprint for Successful Peacekeeping? The Italians in Beirut (Lebanon), 1982–1984
ABSTRACT On 6 June 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon to fight the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). Between August 1982 and February 1984, the US, France, Britain and Italy deployed a
A predisposition to brutality? German practices against civilians and francs-tireurs during the Franco-Prussian war 1870–1871 and their relevance for the German ‘military Sonderweg’ debate
ABSTRACT The German Sonderweg thesis has been discarded in most research fields. Yet in regards to the military, things differ: all conflicts before the Second World War are interpreted as prelude to
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