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OBJECTIVE To determine the detection rates of whole-genome microarray technology compared to targeted microarray analysis for chromosome abnormalities in prenatal samples submitted for diagnostic testing. METHODS Microarray analysis using either whole-genome bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-based and oligonucleotide (oligo)-based microarrays or(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus (KTCN) is a noninflammatory thinning and anterior protrusion of the cornea that results in steepening and distortion of the cornea, altered refractive powers, and reduced visual acuity. Several loci responsible for a familial form of KTCN have been mapped, however; no mutations in any genes have been identified for any of these loci.(More)
PURPOSE : Recently, molecular cytogenetic techniques have identified novel copy number variants in individuals with schizophrenia. However, no large-scale prospective studies have been performed to characterize the broader spectrum of phenotypes associated with such copy number variants in individuals with unexplained physical and intellectual disabilities(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurobehavioral disorder manifested by infantile hypotonia and feeding difficulties in infancy, followed by morbid obesity secondary to hyperphagia. It is caused by deficiency of paternally expressed transcript(s) within the human chromosome region 15q11.2. PWS patients harboring balanced chromosomal translocations with(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial deletions of 3q29 have been recently described as a microdeletion syndrome mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination between low-copy repeats resulting in an ~1.6 Mb common-sized deletion. Given the molecular mechanism causing the deletion, the reciprocal duplication is anticipated to occur with equal frequency, although only(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common developmental forebrain anomaly in humans. Both environmental and genetic factors have been identified to play a role in the HPE phenotype. Previous studies of the genetic bases of HPE have taken a phenotype-first approach by examining groups of patients with HPE for specific mutations or deletions in known or(More)
Deletions of the 22q11.2 region distal to the 22q11.21 microdeletion syndrome region have recently been described in individuals with mental retardation and congenital anomalies. Because these deletions are mediated by low-copy repeats (LCRs), located distal to the 22q11.21 DiGeorge/velocardiofacial microdeletion region, duplications are predicted to occur(More)
Chromosome analysis is an important diagnostic tool in the identification of causes of mental retardation, developmental delay, and other developmental disabilities. Cytogenetic approaches have revealed the chromosomal basis of a large number of genetic syndromes. The recent use of microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) has(More)
Alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACD/MPV) is a rare, neonatally lethal developmental disorder of the lung with defining histologic abnormalities typically associated with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). Using array CGH analysis, we have identified six overlapping microdeletions encompassing the FOX transcription factor(More)
Chromosome analysis is an important component to the diagnosis of congenital anomalies, developmental delay, and mental retardation. Routine chromosome analysis identifies aneuploidy and structural rearrangements greater than 5 Mb but cannot identify abnormalities of the telomeric regions or microdeletions reliably. Molecular cytogenetic techniques were(More)