Bassam Soussi

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Carrageenophyte red seaweed from Oman, Hypnea bryoides, extracted using three different processes: an aqueous, a mild alkaline, and a more vigorous alkaline extraction was investigated. The resulting extract precipitated by alcohol was subject to chemical and rheological measurements. The total carbohydrate [ranged from 36.78 to 41.65 g/100 g], and ash(More)
INTRODUCTION Human embryonic stem cells (hES) have emerged as a potentially new therapeutic approach for treatment of heart and other diseases applying the concept of regenerative medicine. A method for in vivo visualization and tracking of transplanted hES would increase our understanding of in vivo hES behavior in both experimental and clinical settings.(More)
An in vivo rat hindlimb tourniquet ischemia model was used to study the purine nucleotide metabolism in response to 2, 4, and 6 h of ischemia and to the same ischemia periods followed by 1 h of reperfusion. All purine intermediates from ATP to uric acid were determined in skeletal muscle with a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. The major(More)
BACKGROUND The failing heart is characterized by disturbed myocardial energy metabolism and creatine (Cr) depletion. The aims of this study were to in vivo evaluate the effects of Cr depletion on: a) left ventricular (LV) function and morphology during rest and stress, b) LV energy metabolism, c) catecholamine in LV and plasma content, and d) incidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been shown that the distribution of Na+ and Ca2+ in various cells is abnormal in patients with untreated primary hypertension, indicating an altered membrane permeability in these cells. This would activate certain ion pumps and thereby enhance ATP turnover. We investigated possible alterations in energy economy of skeletal muscle tissue.(More)
We studied the tumor host response to excessive doses of an anabolic steroid (nandrolone propionate, 2.5 mg 20 g intraperitoneally every second day for 11 days) with respect to body composition and tumor cell kinetics in MCG 101 sarcoma-bearing mice (C57BL/6J) with progressive cachexia. Although survival and food intake were not affected, a significant(More)
Highly reactive harmful singlet oxygen O2(1delta(g)) can be helpful while relaxing to its triplet ground state O2(3sigma(g)-). The energy emitted during this relaxation from the excited energy state is discernable at 634 nm. We report here on the effect of this energy as photon illumination and as energy transfer in air on the production of reactive oxygen(More)
Optimal conditions for simultaneous analysis of the purine nucleotides adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), inosine monophosphate (IMP), inosine, adenosine, hypoxanthine, xanthine and uric acid in muscle samples by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were evaluated. A neutralized perchloric acid(More)
The effect of 2 and 4 h of tourniquet ischaemia followed by 1 h of reperfusion on the major mitochondrial phospholipids and on the cytochrome c oxidase kinetic parameters has been investigated in rat skeletal muscle. There was no change either in the mitochondrial phospholipid content or in the Vmax and the Km of the enzyme after 2 h of ischaemia with and(More)
The kinetic properties of cytochrome c oxidase (EC in skeletal muscle tissue of sedentary and endurance-trained rats were studied. The initial velocity of the cytochrome c oxidase reaction was determined polarographically over a large range of cytochrome c concentrations and the maximal velocity (Vmax) and the Michaelis constant (Km) were(More)