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Magnetic resonance imaging allows the identification of heterotopic gray matter (HGM) in medically intractable partial epilepsies. The relationships between HGM and the epileptogenic zone remain, however, unclear. In a case of a temporo-parietal epilepsy studied by stereo-EEG, interictal and ictal electrical activity of a temporal HGM were recorded,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the perfusion-sensitive characteristics of cerebral dural metastases and compare them with the data on meningiomas. METHODS Twenty-two patients presenting with dural tumor underwent conventional and dynamic susceptibility-contrast MR imaging: breast carcinoma metastases, two patients; colorectal carcinoma metastasis, one patient; lung(More)
Patients having a hypothalamic hamartoma frequently present epileptic attacks of laughter, and they later experience multiple additional seizure types, which invariably lead to a severe drug-resistant epilepsy. If this association is now well-known, relationships between the hypothalamic mass and the different types of seizures remain still mysterious. We(More)
Focal cortical dysplasias are a frequent etiology of partial seizure disorders refractory to medical treatment. We report the case of a patient with focal cortical dysplasia, confirmed by surgery, in association with ischemic cerebral lesions that possibly occurred during the intra-uterine development. This observation reinforces the hypothesis of a(More)
This study reports the MR spectroscopic patterns of two patients with bithalamic glioma. In one patient, phosphorus (31P) MR spectroscopy was performed. In both patients, the proton MR spectroscopic scans showed an increased creatine-phosphocreatine peak in the tumor. In the patient who underwent 31P-MR spectroscopy, an increased phosphocreatine peak was(More)
We performed conventional and dynamic susceptibility-contrast MRI imaging in 38 patients with brain tumours: 20 with metastases (breast carcinoma: two; renal carcinoma: five; colorectal carcinoma: one; lung carcinoma: seven; melanoma: five), and 18 with high-grade astrocytomas. We obtained cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps and calculated the relative CBV(More)
In order to investigate whether central catecholaminergic neurons are altered in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the activities of dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PNMT) were determined in nine brainstem areas from 19 victims of totally unexplained SIDS (tSIDS), 9 victims of partially unexplained SIDS (pSIDS)(More)
PURPOSE To assess the contribution of magnetic resonance (MR) cerebral blood volume (CBV) mapping in the initial evaluation of brain tumors. METHODS 63 patients presenting a brain tumor underwent dynamic susceptibility-contrast MR imaging before surgery or biopsy: 28 high grade gliomas, 8 low grade gliomas, 2 pilocytic astrocytomas, 4 lymphomas, 12(More)
Chordoid glioma is a homogeneous tumour involving the third ventricular region of middle-aged women, containing a small central cyst or necrosis. Histologically the tumour has a chordoid appearance. We report a new case with a haemodynamic imaging approach which indicates tumour angiogenesis at the capillary level.
In this report we describe three patients with developmental cortical abnormalities (generally referred as cortical dysplasia), revealed by MRI and operated on for intractable epilepsy. Tissue, removed for strictly therapeutic reasons, was defined as the epileptogenic area by electroclinical data and stereo EEG (SEEG) recordings. Tissue samples were(More)