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Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase, EC catalyzes the synthesis of malonyl-coenzyme A, which is utilized in the plastid for de novo fatty acid synthesis and outside the plastid for a variety of reactions, including the synthesis of very long chain fatty acids and flavonoids. Recent evidence for both multifunctional and multisubunit ACCase(More)
A complementary DNA clone (G1) containing sequence similarity to the mammalian lumenal endoplasmic reticulum protein ERp72 was isolated from an alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) cDNA library by screening with a cDNA encoding human protein disulphide isomerase (PDI), which contains two thioredoxin-like active site regions which are highly conserved in ERp72. The(More)
Acyl lipids in Arabidopsis and all other plants have a myriad of diverse functions. These include providing the core diffusion barrier of the membranes that separates cells and subcellular organelles. This function alone involves more than 10 membrane lipid classes, including the phospholipids, galactolipids, and sphingolipids, and within each class the(More)
We have isolated cDNA clones encoding the pentose phosphate pathway enzymes 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH, EC and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH, EC from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). These exhibit extensive nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarity to the corresponding genes from bacteria, Drosophila and mammals.(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA library, constructed from poly(A)+ RNA isolated from immature rice seed endosperm, was screened with affinity-purified antibodies against the rice storage protein called alpha-globulin (previously), or the 19 kDa globulin (our term). A positive clone was isolated and sequenced and shown to encode a 21 kDa precursor for the 19 kDa(More)
In the plastids of most plants, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase; EC is a multisubunit complex consisting of biotin carboxylase (BC), biotin-carboxyl carrier protien (BCCP), and carboxytransferase (alpha-CT, beta-CT) subunits. To better understand the regulation of this enzyme, we have isolated and sequenced a BC genomic clone from Arabidopsis and(More)
A putative isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) cDNA from alfalfa has been cloned and sequenced. The derived amino acid sequence of 433 residues contains the isocitrate and isopropylmalate dehydrogenase signatures, is 63% identical to yeast mitochondrial NADP-IDH and shares high sequence identity with peptides of pig heart NADP-IDH. The sequence contains a(More)
We have constructed and annotated a web-based database of over 280 Arabidopsis genes that have characterized mutants associated with Arabidopsis acyl lipid metabolism. Mutants have played a fundamental role in gene discovery and in understanding the function of genes involved in plant acyl lipid metabolism. The first mutant in Arabidopsis lipid metabolism(More)
Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) catalyzes the formation of malonyl-coenzyme A, which is used in the plastid for fatty acid synthesis and in the cytosol for several pathways including fatty acid elongation and flavonoid synthesis. Two overlapping Arabidopsis genomic clones were isolated and sequenced to determine the entire ACCase-coding region.(More)
The plastid acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) catalyzes the first committed step of fatty acid synthesis and in most plants is present as a heteromeric complex of at least four different protein subunits: the biotin carboxylase (BC), the biotin carboxyl carrier protein, and the alpha and beta subunits of the carboxyltransferase. To gain insight into(More)