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  • Bashar Issa
  • Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • 2002
PURPOSE To measure for the first time the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in anatomical regions of the prostate for normal and patient groups, and to investigate its use as a differentiating parameter between healthy and malignant tissue within the patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single-shot diffusion-weighted echo-planar imaging (DW-EPI)(More)
This study investigated the variation in magnetic resonance characteristics of the fetal liver during a time of changing erythropoietic function. Echo-planar imaging was carried out in 25 normal pregnant women at 20 and 26 wk gestation. The signal intensity from regions of the fetal liver, background image, and maternal back muscle and the highest signal(More)
This paper presents the first in vivo measurements of intravoxel incoherent motion in the human placenta, obtained using the pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) sequence. The aims of this study were two-fold. The first was to provide an initial estimate of the values of the IVIM parameters in this organ, which are currently unknown. The second aim was then to(More)
This paper presents the first in vivo measurements of the nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation times T1 and T2 at 0.5 T in the human placenta from 20 weeks gestational age until term, in both normal and compromised pregnancies. T1 measurements were performed by using both an inversion recovery sequence and the Look-Locher echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence(More)
This paper presents the first in vivo measurements of perfusion in the human placenta from 20 weeks gestational age until term, using the non-selective/selective inversion recovery echo-planar imaging sequence, in which data is alternately acquired following a selective and non-selective inversion pulse. Twenty pairs of images were collected, two each at(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare fetal organ size measured using echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging and 2D ultrasound. To determine the relative accuracy with which each technique can predict fetal growth restriction. DESIGN A cross sectional, observational study comparing two different measurement techniques against a gold standard, in a normal clinical(More)
Purpose. Assessment of fluid volumes and flow through the small intestine has in the past only been possible by means of invasive intubation studies on human volunteers. Intubation very likely disturbs gut motility and stimulates secretion. Methods. The aim of this study was to utilise the new technique of echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging in order to(More)
Due to finite size effects, such as the high surface-to-volume ratio and different crystal structures, magnetic nanoparticles are found to exhibit interesting and considerably different magnetic properties than those found in their corresponding bulk materials. These nanoparticles can be synthesized in several ways (e.g., chemical and physical) with(More)
We have studied the magnetic properties of aggregates of Mn0.5Zn0.5Gd(x)Fe(2-x)O4 ferrite nanoparticles, with x = 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.10, 0.11, 0.12, 0.13, 0.14, 0.15, 0.16, 0.18, 0.20. The scanning electron microscopy micrographs show significant aggregation of the nanoparticles in all samples. Zero field cooled and(More)
Localized magnetic hyperthermia using magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) under the application of small magnetic fields is a promising tool for treating small or deep-seated tumors. For this method to be applicable, the amount of MNPs used should be minimized. Hence, it is essential to enhance the power dissipation or heating efficiency of MNPs. Several factors(More)