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Assembly of a protective cyst wall by Giardia is essential for the survival of the parasite outside the host intestine and for transmission among susceptible hosts. The structure of the G. intestinalis filamentous cyst wall was studied by chemical methods, mass spectrometry, and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Isolated cyst wall material(More)
This study was aimed at finding structural requirements for the interaction of the acyl chain of endocannabinoids with cannabinoid receptors, membrane transporter protein, and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). To this end, the flexibility of the acyl chain was restricted by introduction of an 1-hydroxy-2Z,4E-pentadiene system in anandamide(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone that is involved in the maintenance of the corpus luteum in early pregnancy. Glycosylation at Asn52 of its alpha subunit (alpha hCG) is essential for signal transduction, whereas the N-glycan at Asn78 stabilizes the structure of the protein. In this study, an almost complete 1H-NMR(More)
The structure of penta- to hepta-saccharides, generated by digestion of purified wheat-endosperm arabinoxylan with endo-(1----4)-beta-D-xylanase and isolated by gel-permeation chromatography on Bio-Gel P-6 followed by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection, was established using monosaccharide and methylation(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimeric, placental glycoprotein hormone involved in the maintenance of the corpus luteum during the first trimester of pregnancy. Biologically active hCG has been successfully expressed in the yeast Pichia pastoris (phCG). In the context of structural studies and therapeutic applications of phCG, detailed(More)
Protein-carbohydrate interactions are at the heart of a variety of essential molecular recognition events. Hevein, a model lectin related to the superantigen family, recognizes the trisaccharide core of N-glycoproteins (1). A combined approach of NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling has permitted us to demonstrate that an Asn-linked Man(GlcNAc)(2) (2) is(More)
In glycoanalysis protocols, N-glycans from glycoproteins are most frequently released with peptide- N (4)-( N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F (PNGase F). As the enzyme is an amidase, it cleaves the NH-CO linkage between the Asn side chain and the Asn-bound GlcNAc residue. Usually, the enzyme has a low activity, or is not active at all, on(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a heterodimeric glycoprotein hormone involved in the maintenance of the corpus luteum in early pregnancy. The free alpha-subunit of hCG has a biological activity of its own, namely, stimulation of prolactin secretion from term pregnancy decidual cells [Blithe, D. L., et al. (1991) Endocrinology 129, 2257-2259].(More)
From the latex of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) a novel cyclic octapeptide was isolated, which we named curcacycline A. The compound was found to contain one threonine, one valine, two glycine, and four leucine residues. By two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy (HOHAHA and ROESY), its sequence was determined to be(More)
Lipidomics is a new term to describe a scientific field that is a lot broader than lipidology, the science of lipids. Besides lipidology, lipidomics covers the lipid-metabolizing enzymes and lipid transporters, their genes and regulation; the quantitative determination of lipids in space and time, and the study of lipid function. Because lipidomics is(More)