Barur R Rajeshkumar

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The role of androgen receptor (AR) mutations in androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa) was determined by examining AR transcripts and genes from a large series of bone marrow metastases. Mutations were found in 5 of 16 patients who received combined androgen blockade with the AR antagonist flutamide, and these mutant ARs were strongly stimulated by(More)
PURPOSE The mechanisms responsible for prostate cancer androgen independence are diverse. Mutations of the androgen receptor (AR) gene that broaden ligand specificity have been implicated. Bone marrow specimens containing prostate tumor were obtained from men undergoing antiandrogen withdrawal for AR sequence analysis and clinical correlation. MATERIALS(More)
The CtBP transcriptional corepressors promote cancer cell survival and migration/invasion. CtBP senses cellular metabolism via a regulatory dehydrogenase domain, and is antagonized by p14/p19(ARF) tumor suppressors. The CtBP dehydrogenase substrate 4-methylthio-2-oxobutyric acid (MTOB) can act as a CtBP inhibitor at high concentrations, and is cytotoxic to(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) of the liver is a well-known cause of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. Effective treatment strategies aimed at decreasing hepatic IRI injury and accelerating liver regeneration could offer major benefits in liver transplantation, especially in the case of partial allografts. Human(More)
PURPOSE Analyzing metastatic prostate cancer tissue is of considerable importance in evaluating new targeted agents, yet acquiring such tissue presents a challenge due to the predominance of bone metastases. We assessed factors predicting a successful tumor harvest from bone marrow biopsies (BMBx) in castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer patients.(More)
Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a well-known cause of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation (LT). Activation of the complement system contributes to the pathogenesis of IRI. Effective treatment strategies aimed at reducing hepatic IRI and accelerating liver regeneration could offer major benefits in LT. Herein, we investigated the(More)
Over the past 10 years, men with prostate cancer have received earlier diagnoses and are undergoing prostatectomy and/or radiation therapy with curative intent; however, many men have increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels without evidence of local progression or metastatic disease during the first 2 years after definitive local therapy. Optimal(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) kills cancer cells via thermal injury and improved chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity. We hypothesize that higher HIPEC flow rates improve peritoneal heating and HIPEC efficacy. METHODS (1) A HIPEC-model (30.8 L cooler with attached extracorporeal pump) was filled with 37°C water containing a(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal dissemination of cancer is a terminal condition with limited therapeutic options. Because the peritoneal cavity is a single enclosed space, regional treatment approaches for isolated peritoneal cancrinomatosis are appealing. There is a potential role for gene therapy in the management of peritoneal cancrinomatosis. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Organ transplantation currently requires long-term immunosuppression. This is associated with multiple complications including infection, malignancy and other toxicities. Immunologic tolerance is considered the optimal solution to these limitations. OBJECTIVE To develop a simple and non-toxic regimen to induce mixed chimerism and tolerance(More)