BACKGROUND Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling begins early in subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), and plays a key role in inflammation following cerebral aneurysm rupture. Available studies suggest significance of endogenous first-line blockers of a TLR pathway-soluble TLR2 and 4. METHODS Eighteen patients with SAH and acute hydrocephalus underwent… (More)
Giant "invasive" schwannomas of the spine occur occasionally, most frequently in the lumbar region. We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with giant "invasive" schwannoma of the lumbar spine, with a 12-year history of illness. The tu-mour originated in the vertebral canal and passed through the paraspinal muscles and retroperitoneal area to the… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Synovial cysts of the spine occur most frequently in the lumbosacral region. Methods of treatment vary, but in cases of chronic pain or neurological deficits surgical intervention is undertaken. The aim of this paper is to present indications, surgical technique and efficacy of surgical treatment in patients with synovial cyst of the… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Vertebral haemangiomas are relatively common, benign vascular lesions; symptomatic ones that cause spinal cord compression are rare, however. Only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral haemangiomas are symptomatic. The aim of the paper is to present indications, operative techniques and stabilization methods in patients with symptomatic vertebral… (More)
access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.