Bartosz J Grzywacz

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Natural killer (NK) cells serve as important effectors for antitumor immunity, and CD56+CD45+ NK cells can be routinely derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). However, little is know about the ability of hESC-derived NK cells to mediate an effective in vivo antitumor response. Using bioluminescent imaging, we now demonstrate that H9 line(More)
Cyclosporin A (CSA) is commonly used to prevent graft-versus-host disease. The influence of CSA on T-cell function has been extensively investigated; however, the effect of CSA on natural killer (NK) cells is less understood. NK cells were cultured with IL-2 and IL-15 with and without CSA for 1 week. Compared with controls, CSA-treated cultures showed fewer(More)
The natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCRs) NKp30, NKp44, and NKp46 are thought to be NK lineage restricted. Herein we show that IL-15 induces NCR expression on umbilical cord blood (UCB) T cells. NCRs were mainly on CD8(+) and CD56(+) UCB T cells. Only NKp30 was functional as demonstrated by degranulation, IFN-gamma release, redirected killing, and(More)
The stages of human natural killer (NK) cell differentiation are not well established. Culturing CD34(+) progenitors with interleukin 7 (IL-7), IL-15, stem cell factor (SCF), FLT-3L, and murine fetal liver cell line (EL08.1D2), we identified 2 nonoverlapping subsets of differentiating CD56(+) cells based on CD117 and CD94 (CD117(high)CD94(-) and(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells potentially play a significant role in eradicating residual disease following allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation, and have been explored as tools for adoptive immunotherapy for chemotherapy-refractory patients. NK cell cytotoxicity is modulated by multiple activating and inhibitory receptors that maintain a balance(More)
Disease recurrence is frequent in high-risk neuroblastoma (NBL) patients even after multi-modality aggressive treatment [a combination of chemotherapy, surgical resection, local radiation therapy, autologous stem cell transplantation, and cis-retinoic acid (CRA)]. Recent clinical studies have explored the use of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that bind to(More)
We read the manuscript by Parmar with interest. In an exploratory analysis, these investigators found that mismatching of major histocompatibility complex class I–related chain A (MICA) between donor and recipient was associated with gastrointestinal (GI) acute graft-versushost disease (aGVHD).1 Based on the polymorphism of this protein, the constitutive(More)
PURPOSE The novel bispecific ligand-directed toxin (BLT) DT2219 consists of a recombinant fusion between the catalytic and translocation enhancing domain of diphtheria toxin (DT) and bispecific single-chain variable fragments (scFV) of antibodies targeting human CD19 and CD22. We conducted a phase I dose-escalation study to assess the safety, maximum(More)
BACKGROUND With increased understanding of the unique entities, subtype-specific approaches for peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) are emerging, and more precise diagnoses are becoming increasingly important. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the approach to the histopathologic diagnosis of PTCL using data from the comprehensive oncology measures of(More)