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Activated macrophages in adipose tissue play a major role in the chronic inflammatory process that has been linked to the complications of overweight and obesity. The hop plant (Humulus lupulus L.) has been described to possess both anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic effects. In the present study, the chemical composition of a hop crude extract (HCE) was(More)
Resveratrol (RSV) is classified as a phytoestrogen due to its ability to interact with estrogen receptors (ERs). We assessed structure-activity relationships of RSV and the analogs 4,4'-dihydroxystilbene (4,4'-DHS), 3,5-dihydroxystilbene (3,5-DHS), 3,4'-dihydroxystilbene (3,4'-DHS), 4-hydroxystilbene (4-HS) using as model systems the ERalpha-positive and(More)
Fruit seeds are byproducts from fruit processing. Characterisation of the bioactive compounds present in seeds and evaluation of their potential biological properties is therefore of particular importance in view of a possible valorisation of seeds as a source of health beneficial components. In this work, we have analysed the seeds of Sambucus and Rubus(More)
Several mechanisms have been proposed for the positive health effects associated with dietary consumption of long-chain n-3 PUFA (n-3 LC-PUFA) including DHA (22 : 6n-3) and EPA (20 : 5n-3). After dietary intake, LC-PUFA are incorporated into membranes and can be converted to their corresponding N-acylethanolamines (NAE). However, little is known on the(More)
A new approach for the assay of rotenone (1) by isotope dilution mass spectrometry is presented. The extreme toxicity of rotenone, a natural phytodrug with insecticidal and piscicidal activity, recently banned by national and international environmental protection agencies, calls for the development of sensitive and accurate methods of analyses.(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Ziziphus extracts have been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY In the present study we have investigated the effects of Ziziphus jujube extracts (ZEs) on breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated the effects of increasing concentrations of ZEs on ERα positive MCF-7(More)
4-Yn-1-ones containing different substituents, prop-2-ynyl alpha-ketoesters, and prop-2-ynyl alpha-ketoamides have been caused to react catalytically under oxidative carbonylation conditions to give tetrahydrofuran, dioxolane and oxazoline, dihydropyridinone, and tetrahydropyridinedione derivatives in satisfactory yields. Reactions were carried out in MeOH(More)
A variety of readily available 1-mercapto-3-yn-2-ols 5 were conveniently converted into the corresponding thiophenes 6 in good to high yields in MeOH as the solvent at 50-100 °C in the presence of catalytic amounts (1-2%) of PdI(2) in conjunction with KI (KI:PdI(2) molar ratio = 10). The catalyst could be made recyclable employing an ionic liquid, such as(More)
2-Alkynylbenzamides underwent different reaction pathways when allowed to react under PdI2-catalyzed oxidative carbonylation conditions, depending on the nature of the external nucleophile and reaction conditions. Thus, oxidative carbonylation of 2-ethynylbenzamides, bearing a terminal triple bond, carried out in the presence of a secondary amine as(More)
A novel approach to coumarin derivatives has been developed starting from readily available 2-(1-hydroxyprop-2-ynyl)phenols, based on an unprecedented palladium-catalyzed dicarbonylation process. Reactions were carried out in the presence of catalytic amounts of PdI2 in conjunction with an excess of KI in MeOH as the solvent at room temperature and under 90(More)