Bartholomew M. Sefton

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The CD4 lymphocyte surface glycoprotein and the lck tyrosine protein kinase p56lck are found as a complex in T lymphocytes. We have defined the domains in both proteins that are responsible for this interaction by coexpressing hybrid and deleted forms of the two proteins in HeLa cells. We have found that the unique 32 amino-terminal residues of p56lck and(More)
We have cloned a Dictyostelium phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTP1) with a catalytic domain showing approximately 38%-50% amino acid identity to those of other PTPs. PTP1 contains an approximately 99 amino acid insert and bacterially produced PTP1 possesses PTP activity. PTP1 is expressed at a very low level in vegetative cells, induced by 4 hr, and maximally(More)
Vinculin, a protein associated with the cytoplasmic face of the focal adhesion plaques which anchor actin-containing microfilaments to the plasma membrane and attach a cell to the substratum, contains 8-fold more phosphotyrosine in cells transformed by Rous sarcoma virus than in uninfected cells. Because the transforming protein of RSV, p60src, is a protein(More)
surprisingly large number of proteins in eukaryotic ceils are now known to contain covalently bound lipid. Several cell surface proteins, the Thy-1 gly-coprotein (27, 55), acetylcholinesterase (14), alkaline phos-phatase (28), and the variant surface glycoprotein of trypano-somes (13), among others, are anchored to the outer cell surface by a complex,(More)
We have found that the transforming proteins of Rous sarcoma virus, Harvey sarcoma virus and Abelson virus all contain tightly bound lipid. This modification could play a role in the binding of these proteins to cellular membranes. The lipid associated with p60src, the transforming protein of Rous sarcoma virus, is located in the NH2-terminal domain of the(More)
The CD4 and CD8 T cell receptor accessory molecules can both be isolated from T lymphocytes in association with p56lck, a membrane-associated, cytoplasmic tyrosine protein kinase that is expressed exclusively in lymphoid cells. The enzymatic activity of p56lck may therefore be regulated by CD4 and CD8 and be important in antigen-induced T cell activation.(More)
Tyrosine protein kinases are important both in the normal regulation of cellular proliferation and in the oncogenic transformation of cells by several tumour viruses. The LSTRA Moloney murine leukaemia virus (M-MuLV)-induced thymoma cell line contains approximately 20-fold more phosphotyrosine in protein than do typical haematopoietic cell lines; this seems(More)
We have compared the mechanisms of entry into host cells of three enveloped viruses: Sendai virus, vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and Sindbis virus. Virus entry by membrane fusion should antigenically modify the surface of a newly infected cell in such a way that it will be killed by anti-viral antibody and complement. On the other hand, virus entry by a(More)