Barthélémy Nyassé

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The anti-ulcerogenic potential of the leaf methanol extract of Ocimum suave (Lamiaceae) was investigated using four methods of gastric lesion induction in experimental Wistar rats (150-200 g): (1) HCl/ethanol-induced gastric lesions, (2) Absolute ethanol-induced gastric lesions, (3) Indomethacin-HCl/ethanol-induced gastric lesions, (4) Pylorus(More)
Previous results have revealed the antifilarial activities of crude extracts and pure compounds from some Cameroonian medicinal plants against Onchocerca volvulus and Onchocerca gutturosa. In our efforts to find new filaricidal agents against adult male O. gutturosa worms, we have isolated and screened three compounds: polycarpol and polyveoline from(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Tuberculosis (TB) is considered as a re-emerging disease and one of the most important public health problems worldwide. The use or (in most cases) misuse of existint anti-tuberculosis drugs over the years has led to an increasing prevalence of resistant strains, establishing an urgent need to search for new effective agents.(More)
The dichloromethane-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of the stem bark of Millettia versicolor Welw. (Leguminosae) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory activity. The chromatographic fractionation and subsequent analysis of the spectroscopic data of this extract led to the isolation and identification of 2-acetyl-7-methoxynaphtho[2,3-(More)
Betulinic acid, isolated in substantial amounts from stem barks of five distinct species of Uapaca could be considered as an important chemotaxomic marker of the Uapaca genus. It inhibited Trypanosoma brucei GAPDH with an IC(50) value of 240 microM and has been shown to be a competitive reversible inhibitor (Ki=200+/-10 microM) of this enzyme with respect(More)
The presence of bergenin in substantial amounts in the methanol leaves extract of Flueggea virosa (Euphorbiaceae) was established as a strong chemotaxomic point of differentiation between Flueggea virosa and Securinega virosa. Bergenin showed an inhibitory effect on the growth of the bloodstream form of Trypanosoma brucei with an IC50 value of 1 microM.
Decoctions prepared from Enantia chlorantha are used in the traditional treatment of some forms of ulcers. We have tested the anti-ulcer actions of a novel protoberberine-type alkaloid (7,8,-dihydro-8-hydroxypalmatine (1)) obtained from the bark of E. chlorantha using the HCl/ethanol, absolute ethanol and pylorus ligation techniques. The healing effect on(More)
A pool of 38 pan-African Centres of Excellence (CoEs) in health innovation has been selected and recognized by the African Network for Drugs and Diagnostics Innovation (ANDI), through a competitive criteria based process. The process identified a number of opportunities and challenges for health R&D and innovation in the continent: i) it provides a direct(More)
TN, an alkaloid from the fruit of Voacanga africana and a protoberberine-type alkaloid (7,8-dihydro-8-hydroxypalmatine) (1), obtained from the bark of Enantia chlorantha were tested for ulcer preventive and antisecretory activity in combination with ranitidine. When tested alone (50 and 100 mg/kg, p.o.), TN and 1 achieved their anti-ulcer actions through(More)