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All elementary steps of a chemical reaction have been successfully induced on individual molecules with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) in a controlled step-by-step manner utilizing a variety of manipulation techniques. The reaction steps involve the separation of iodine from iodobenzene by using tunneling electrons, bringing together two resultant(More)
The excitation of (100)-oriented KTaO3 with 25-fs laser pulses impulsively drives phonon-pair combination states via second-order Raman scattering. Oscillations in the phonon-amplitude covariance at the sum and difference frequency of the two involved phonons are observed in a spectrally and temporally resolved pump-probe experiment. Transmission changes of(More)
We investigate coherent Bloch oscillations in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs superlattices with electronic miniband widths larger than the optical phonon energy. In these superlattices the Bloch frequency can be tuned into resonance with the optical phonon. Close to resonance a direct coupling of Bloch oscillations to LO phonons is observed which gives rise to the(More)