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Actomyosin contractility regulates various cell biological processes including cytokinesis, adhesion and migration. While in lower eukaryotes, alpha-kinases control actomyosin relaxation, a similar role for mammalian alpha-kinases has yet to be established. Here, we examined whether TRPM7, a cation channel fused to an alpha-kinase, can affect actomyosin(More)
To investigate the joint effects of body posture and calf muscle pump, the calf blood flow of eight healthy volunteers was measured with pulsed Doppler equipment during and after 3 min of rhythmic exercise on a calf ergometer in the supine, sitting, and standing postures. Muscle contractions seriously impeded calf blood flow. Consequently, blood flow(More)
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been proposed to be associated with a subset of head and neck cancers (HNSCCs). However, clear biological evidence linking HPV-mediated oncogenesis to the development of HNSCC is hardly available. An important biological mechanism underlying HPV-mediated carcinogenesis is the inactivation of p53 by the HPV E6(More)
The human telomerase RNA (hTR), together with the telomerase reverse transcriptase, hTERT, constitute the core components of telomerase that is essential for telomere maintenance. While hTR is ubiquitously expressed, hTERT is normally restricted to germ cells and certain stem cells, but both are often deregulated during tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated(More)
The Wheat Bran Fiber (WBF) trial is a Phase III clinical trial designed to assess the effect of a WBF intervention for 3 years on the recurrence of adenomatous polyps. Men and women, 40-80 years of age, who had removal of one or more colorectal adenoma(s) 3 mm or larger within 3 months prior to study entry were recruited from three sites in the Phoenix(More)
A procedure was developed that enables measurement of rapid variations in calf blood flow during voluntary rhythmic contraction of the calf muscles in supine, sitting, and standing positions. During the exercise, maximum blood velocity is measured by Doppler ultrasound equipment in the popliteal artery. The Doppler signals are calibrated by plethysmography(More)
Kutler et al. (1) recently reported that human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is frequently detected in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of Fanconi anemia patients, who are predisposed to develop cancer at an early age, particularly acute myeloid leukemia and SCCs of the head and neck (HNSCCs) and the anogenital region. Kutler et al. speculated that HPV infection(More)
A double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III cancer prevention trial in subjects with previous resection of adenomatous colon polyps is nearing completion. The study's primary objective is to evaluate the effects of daily dietary supplementation with large (13.5 g/day) versus small (2.0 g/day) doses of wheat bran fiber for 3 years. A summary of the study(More)
A calf ergometer is presented that can be used for both static and dynamic exercise in supine, sitting or standing position. During exercise each foot is fixed firmly to a pedal. During dynamic exercise the foot pedal can rotate through an angle which can be varied from 5 to 30 degrees. External work is performed only during plantar flexion. The amount of(More)