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Disruption of the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor pathway, either through genetic mutation of upstream regulatory components or mutation of RB1 itself, is believed to be a required event in cancer. However, genetic alterations in the RB-regulated E2F family of transcription factors are infrequent, casting doubt on a direct role for E2Fs in driving(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, we have shown that micro-metastases, in the hypoxic transition zone surrounding lesions generated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA), display strongly accelerated outgrowth. CD95 is best known for its ability to induce apoptosis but can also promote tumorigenesis in apoptosis-resistant tumor cells. Therefore, we tested whether CD95(More)
Polyploidization is observed in all mammalian species and is a characteristic feature of hepatocytes, but its molecular mechanism and biological significance are unknown. Hepatocyte polyploidization in rodents occurs through incomplete cytokinesis, starts after weaning and increases with age. Here, we show in mice that atypical E2F8 is induced after weaning(More)
Heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with endothelial dysfunction. There is conflicting evidence on the exact nature of this endothelial dysfunction and how endothelium-dependent vasodilation is affected by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) therapy. Furthermore, consequences of acute ACE-I withdrawal are largely(More)
E2F transcription factors are known to be important for timely activation of G(1)/S and G(2)/M genes required for cell cycle progression, but transcriptional mechanisms for deactivation of cell cycle-regulated genes are unknown. Here, we show that E2F7 is highly expressed during mid to late S-phase, occupies promoters of G(1)/S-regulated genes and represses(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Death receptors expressed on tumor cells can prevent metastasis formation by inducing apoptosis, but they also can promote migration and invasion. The determinants of death receptor signaling output are poorly defined. Here we investigated the role of oncogenic K-Ras in determining death receptor function and metastatic potential. (More)
CD95 and its ligand (CD95L) are widely expressed in colorectal tumors, but their role in shaping tumor behavior is unclear. CD95 activation on tumor cells can lead to apoptosis, while CD95L attracts neutrophils, suggesting a function in tumor suppression. However, CD95 can also promote tumorigenesis, at least in part by activating non-apoptotic signaling(More)
Diuretics, when added to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) treatment, can augment the response to ACE inhibitors, but may have adverse effects on renal function, which negatively affect prognosis. While in heart failure rats combined therapy initially improved cardiac function and prognosis, this benefit was completely lost at later(More)
Programmed polyploidization occurs in all mammalian species during development and aging in selected tissues, but the biological properties of polyploid cells remain obscure. Spontaneous polyploidization arises during stress and has been observed in a variety of pathological conditions, such as cancer and degenerative diseases. A major challenge in the(More)
The E2F family of transcription factors plays an important role in controlling cell-cycle progression. While this is their best-known function, we report here novel functions for the newest members of the E2F family, E2F7 and E2F8 (E2F7/8). We show that simultaneous deletion of E2F7/8 in zebrafish and mice leads to severe vascular defects during embryonic(More)