Bart W. Smits

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Polymerase-γ (POLG) is a major human disease gene and may account for up to 25% of all mitochondrial diseases in the UK and in Italy. To date, >150 different pathogenic mutations have been described in POLG. Some mutations behave as both dominant and recessive alleles, but an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern is much more common. The most frequently(More)
We studied the extent of mitochondrial involvement in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and investigated whether measurement of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex (RCC) activities discriminates between CFS and mitochondrial disorders. Mitochondrial content was decreased in CFS compared to healthy controls, whereas RCC activities corrected for(More)
In this paper, clinical data of 49 adult patients with agammaglobulinaemia (syn. hypogammaglobulinaemia), 15 cases of X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) and 34 of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) are reviewed. Although immunoglobulin substitution largely abolished life-threatening respiratory tract infections, considerable infectious and(More)
Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a relatively common mitochondrial disorder. Weakness of the extra-ocular, limb girdle and laryngeal muscles are established clinical features. Respiratory muscle involvement however has never been studied systematically, even though respiratory complications are one of the main causes of death. We(More)
A 26-year-old man developed a movement disorder characterised by bradyphrenia, bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor and dystonia, several years after having been shot by a gun in the hip. Laboratory investigations revealed anaemia and porphyria. The authors demonstrate that his neurological condition was a delayed manifestation of lead toxicity, caused by slow(More)
OBJECTIVE The mitochondrial energy-generating system (MEGS) encompasses the mitochondrial enzymatic reactions from oxidation of pyruvate to the export of adenosine triphosphate. It is investigated in intact muscle mitochondria by measuring the pyruvate oxidation and adenosine triphosphate production rates, which we refer to as the "MEGS capacity."(More)
In order to identify new metabolic abnormalities in patients with complex neurodegenerative disorders of unknown aetiology, we performed high resolution in vitro proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy on patient cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. We identified five adult patients, including two sisters, with significantly elevated free sialic acid(More)
We determined the extent of disease impact in 28 patients with genetically confirmed chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) and compared the outcomes to those of matched myotonic dystrophy type I patients. CPEO patients reported a high frequency of severe fatigue (67.9%), pain (96.2%), depression (32.1%) and dependency in daily life (46.4%).(More)
Sirs: Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) is a mitochondrial disease, which mainly affects extraocular muscles. The majority of CPEO patients have single deletions or point mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) [1, 3]. Pathogenic point mutations are exclusively located in tRNA coding regions, the isoleucine tRNA (tRNAIle) coding region(More)
In order to investigate the consequences of stress susceptibility on vascular function, the authors assessed the respective contributions of nitric oxide (NO), prostanoids, and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor to the vascular tone in rats with a constitutionally determined high and low susceptibility to behavioral stressors. In mesenteric(More)