Bart Reed

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In 23 dogs anesthetized with chloralose and urethan, we developed a preparation that premitted measurement of isometric tension in segments of the tracheal posterior membrane in situ. Length-tension studies showed an optimal length for contraction in each of 5 segments; in all 5 segments, length was optimal when resting tension was 22-35 g/cm. In 8 other(More)
We studied the effects of Ascaris suum antigen (iv) in 32 natively allergic, anesthetized dogs. After thoracotomy, bilateral cervical vagotomy, and propranolol, samples of peripheral lung frozen in situ were obtained for measurement of cyclic nucleotides and histamine. Following Ascaris, lung histamine decreased 20.4 +/- 3.7% (mean +/- SE), cAMP increased(More)
In 12 anesthetized dogs, we tested the effects of pharmacologic beta-adrenergic stimulation on the severity of tracheal mast cell reactions in vivo (Am Rev Respir Dis 1979; 119:62). In control dogs, tracheal arterial injections of compound 48/80 produced arteriovenous differences in histamine concentrations across the trachea (35 +/- 15 ng/ml), but not the(More)
We report results from the first search for ν_{μ}→ν_{e} transitions by the NOvA experiment. In an exposure equivalent to 2.74×10^{20} protons on target in the upgraded NuMI beam at Fermilab, we observe 6 events in the Far Detector, compared to a background expectation of 0.99±0.11(syst) events based on the Near Detector measurement. A secondary analysis(More)
We studied beta-adrenergic modulation of antigen-induced release of histamine and changes in lung function in natively allergic, anesthetized dogs. After thoracotomy and bilateral cervical vagotomy, samples of peripheral lung frozen in situ were obtained for measurement of adenosine cyclic 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and histamine. In 11 dogs with(More)
Results are reported from an improved measurement of ν_{μ}→ν_{e} transitions by the NOvA experiment. Using an exposure equivalent to 6.05×10^{20} protons on target, 33 ν_{e} candidates are observed with a background of 8.2±0.8 (syst.). Combined with the latest NOvA ν_{μ} disappearance data and external constraints from reactor experiments on sin^{2}2θ_{13},(More)
Because adherence of histamine to glass is well-known, we tested for its adherence to a mechanical homogenizer commonly used in the extraction of histamine from tissue samples. During 60 sec of homogenization, 15% to 17% of the histamine originally present in the samples "disappeared," and the reason for the disappearance was reversible binding of histamine(More)
This Letter reports new results on muon neutrino disappearance from NOvA, using a 14 kton detector equivalent exposure of 6.05×10^{20} protons on target from the NuMI beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The measurement probes the muon-tau symmetry hypothesis that requires maximal θ_{23} mixing (θ_{23}=π/4). Assuming the normal mass hierarchy,(More)