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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a CD4+ T cell-mediated, inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that serves as a model for the human demyelinating disease, multiple sclerosis. A critical event in the pathogenesis of EAE is the entry of both Ag-specific T lymphocytes and Ag-nonspecific mononuclear cells into(More)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) is a major component of the central nervous system (CNS) myelin membrane and has been shown to induce acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in genetically susceptible animals. Here we describe conditions by which a relapsing-remitting form of EAE can be reliably induced in SJL/J mice either actively immunized with(More)
The role of epitope spreading in the pathology of relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (R-EAE) was examined. Using peripherally induced immunologic tolerance as a probe to analyze the neuropathologic T cell repertoire, we show that the majority of the immunopathologic reactivity during the acute phase of R-EAE in SJL/J mice induced(More)
We have investigated the role of type I IFNs (IFN-alpha and -beta) in human T cell differentiation using anti-CD3 mAb and allogeneic, in vitro-derived dendritic cells (DC) as APCs. DC were very efficient activators of naive CD4+ T cells, providing necessary costimulation and soluble factors to support Th1 differentiation and expansion. Addition of(More)
We have previously shown that IFN-beta, a key cytokine associated with the early phase of the innate host defense, can prevent the generation of human Th1 cells. Specifically, we demonstrated that IFN-beta prevents the in vitro monocyte-derived mature dendritic cell (DC)-dependent differentiation of naive Th cells into IFN-gamma-secreting Th cells, as a(More)
Fig. 6 depicts a model for epitope spreading in T cell-mediated demyelination. The acute phase of disease is due to T cells specific for the initiating epitope, which can be either a determinant on the CNS target organ of the autoimmune response or a determinant on a persisting, CNS-tropic virus. The primary T cell response is responsible for the initial(More)
Mycosis fungoides is a low-grade cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Early treatment often involves the use of topical chemotherapy such as mechlorethamine or carmustine although single-agent oral chemotherapy with alkylators is common for advanced disease. Recently, in a Phase I study of the new alkylating agent temozolomide, two mycosis fungoides patients(More)
PLP 139-151(S) is the major encephalitogenic epitope of PLP in the SJL/J mouse. CD4+ T cells specific for PLP 139-151(S) induce a relapsing-remitting form of EAE which is similar to the human demyelinating disease MS in both clinical course and histopathology. We are interested in events involved in activation of autoreactive T cells and how to specifically(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) precursors and immature DC reside in epithelium where they encounter pathogens and cytokines, which stimulate their differentiation. We hypothesized that type-I interferons (IFN-alpha and -beta), cytokines that are produced early in the innate immune response against viruses and some bacteria, may influence DC differentiation and(More)
Peptide-specific tolerance with PLP139-151 peptide analogs was used to compare the fine antigen-specificity requirements at both the inductive and effector phases of relapsing EAE (R-EAE). A PLP139-151 analog peptide containing a single substitution at the primary T cell receptor (TcR) contact residue (A144) did not induce proliferation in PLP139-151-primed(More)