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BACKGROUND The occurrence of chronic anthracycline cardiotoxicity leading to heart failure and even death is a major concern in the treatment of childhood malignancies. Currently, most treatment protocols use reduced anthracycline doses compared with historical exposure. The long-term effect of these reduced doses on myocardial function has not been well(More)
The aim of this study was to describe the acute effects of anthracyclines on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function using different echocardiographic modalities. Thirteen children scheduled to receive anthracyclines were prospectively studied. They underwent complete 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic evaluations, including tissue Doppler(More)
AIMS Presence of contractile reserve during low-dose dobutamine stress echo (DSE) appears predictive of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) outcome. We hypothesize that changes in left bundle branch block (LBBB)-induced dyssynchronous motion during low-dose DSE could be related to the extent of reverse remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-two(More)
On the basis of color Doppler myocardial motion data, 1-dimensional regional natural strain rate and strain curves can now be calculated by comparing local myocardial velocity profiles. Such deformation data sets may be an important, new, and more sensitive approach to quantifying both regional radial and long-axis function of the left or right ventricle in(More)
BACKGROUND Strain and strain rate have been proposed as tools to quantify regional myocardial function. One of the major pitfalls of the current methodology is its angle dependency. To overcome this problem, we have developed a new method for the estimation of strain, independent of angle. The aim of this study was to validate this new methodology in an(More)
Strain rate (SR) and strain (epsilon) have been proposed as new ultrasound (US) indices for quantifying regional wall deformation, and can be measured from color Doppler myocardial data by determining the local spatial velocity gradient. The aim of this study was to define normal regional SR/epsilon values for both radial and longitudinal myocardial(More)
AIM To date, most published echocardiographic methods have assessed left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony (DYS) alone as a predictor for response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We hypothesized that the response is instead dictated by multiple correctable factors. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 161 patients (66 +/- 10 years, EF 24 +/- 6%, QRS >(More)
The non-invasive quantification of regional myocardial function is an important goal in clinical cardiology. Myocardial thickening/thinning indices is one method of attempting to define regional myocardial function. A new ultrasonic method of quantifying regional deformation has been introduced based on the principles of 'strain' and 'strain rate' imaging.(More)
BACKGROUND In young patients (aged <12 years) with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), cardiac systolic function is generally described to be within the normal range. Recent studies have suggested the presence of subclinical dysfunction in these young patients using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, tissue Doppler measurements, and myocardial velocity(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal growth restriction (FGR) affects 5% to 10% of newborns and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. The most commonly accepted hypothesis is that fetal metabolic programming leads secondarily to diseases associated with cardiovascular disease, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Our main(More)