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Geographic and temporal variations in the concentration and composition of particulate matter (PM) provide important insights into particle sources, atmospheric processes that influence particle formation, and PM management strategies. In the nonurban areas of California, annual-average PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations range from 3 to 10 microg/m3 and from 5(More)
This guidance document is a reference for air quality policymakers and managers providing state-of-the-art, evidence-based information on key determinants of air quality management decisions. The document reflects the findings of five annual meetings of the NERAM (Network for Environmental Risk Assessment and Management) International Colloquium Series on(More)
(a) phone (805) 644-0125, fax (805) 644-0142, of the California Air Resources Board and Eric Grosjean of DGA for technical input. Luis Woodhouse carried out the calculations of PAN thermal decomposition, Michael W. Poore provided long-term data for ambient carbonyls including acetaldehyde, Bob Effa and Rich Bradley provided long-term data for ambient oxides(More)
It will be many years before the recently deployed network of fine particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 microm (PM2.5) Federal Reference Method (FRM) samplers produces information on nonattainment areas, trends, and source impacts. However, data on PM2.5 and its major constituents have been routinely collected in California for the(More)
Over the last few years, California has passed some of the strongest climate policies in the USA. These new policies have been motivated in part by increasing concerns over the risk of climate-related impacts and facilitated by the state's existing framework of energy and air quality policies. This paper presents an overview of the evolution of this(More)
In 1999, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) formed the Weekend Effect Working Group to coordinate research activities with local, state, and federal agencies, academia, industry groups, and the public to investigate the possible causes of the weekend ozone effect in California. This article presents CARB's findings. G round-level ozone (O 3) is(More)
The Coordinating Research Council held its thirteenth Vehicle Emissions Workshop in April 2003, when results of the most recent on-road vehicle emissions research were presented. Ongoing work from researchers who are engaged in improving understanding of the contribution of mobile sources to ambient air quality and emission inventories is summarized here.(More)
This paper analyzes day-of-week variations in concentrations of particulate matter (PM) in California. Because volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) are not only precursors of ozone (O3) but also of secondary PM, it is useful to know whether the variations by day of week in these precursors are also evident in PM data.(More)
Control strategies for urban ozone traditionally have been based on mass reductions in volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Studies show, however, that some organic gas species (such as alkanes and alcohols) form an order of magnitude less ozone than equal mass emissions of others (such as alkenes and aldehydes). Chemically detailed photochemical models are(More)
After initiating a toxic air contaminant (TAC) identification and control program in 1984, the California Air Resources Board adopted regulations to reduce TAC emissions from cars, trucks, stationary sources, and consumer products. This study quantifies ambient concentration and emission trends for the period 1990-2012 for seven TACs that are responsible(More)