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  • 2004
This paper explores the different incubation strategies for spinning-out companies employed by European Research Institutions. More specifically we focus on two central questions: (i) What differences or similarities are there in the goals and objectives of the Research Institutions for creating new spinout ventures? (ii) What different incubation(More)
This paper studies the initial resources on which new organizations are based and how these resources interact with the institutional origin and market characteristics. Using a unique hand-collected dataset of research-based start-ups, we empirically test how technological, financial and human resources relate to each other to form distinct starting(More)
This article addresses a critical issue for entrepreneurs and managers pursuing internation-alization strategies: how fi rms can accumulate the knowledge and skills required for successful international expansion. Specifi cally, we examine how young fi rms may compensate for their lack of fi rm-level international experience by utilizing other sources of(More)
Business incubators (BIs) have been established around the world to stimulate new business creation. Whilst it is accepted that incubation models have evolved, little is known about whether existing incubators have adjusted their value proposition to incorporate recent incubation paradigms or have simply remained operating as originally founded. We present(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of Herceptin from the hospital's point of view. This new biotechnological pharmaceutical is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets the HER2 receptor, an important anti-cancer target. METHODS A cost model with standard diagnostic and treatment options for breast(More)
Although the commercialization of research has become an increasingly important issue for academics as well as policy makers, much less is known about spinning off firms as a tool for technology transfer from universities and research organizations, especially from a process perspective. Drawing on case study as well as a European wide survey, this paper(More)
The launch of the first product is an important event for start-ups, because it takes the new venture closer to growth, profitability and financial independence. However, entrepreneurship literature lacks theory and data on new product development and innovation speed. Integrating insights form new product development literature with resource-based theory,(More)
This paper uses a unique dataset to examine the neglected but important issue concerning the relationship between the human capital and fund characteristics of venture capitalists and post-investment follow-up behavior in early stage high tech investments. We found no indication that involvement in monitoring activities by the investment manager is(More)
We evaluated the diagnostic utility of urinary alpha1-microglobulin, alpha2-macroglobulin and albumin in the diagnosis of acute prostatitis. We studied 133 men (43 +/- 17 years) with, and a reference population (n=36, 41 +/- 16 years) without, urinary tract infection. Prostatectomy samples were used to study the potential interference between prostatic(More)