Barry W. Richter

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Inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP)-like protein-1 (ILP-1) (also known as X-linked IAP [XIAP] and mammalian IAP homolog A [MIHA]) is a potent inhibitor of apoptosis and exerts its effects, at least in part, by the direct association with and inhibition of specific caspases. Here, we describe the molecular cloning and characterization of a human gene(More)
The balance between the inductive signals and endogenous anti-apoptotic mechanisms determines whether or not programmed cell death occurs. The widely expressed inhibitor of apoptosis gene family includes three closely related mammalian proteins: c-IAP1, c-IAP2, and hILP. The anti-apoptotic properties of these proteins have been linked to caspase inhibition.(More)
Although human c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 have been reported to possess antiapoptotic activity against a variety of stimuli in several mammalian cell types, we observed that full-length c-IAP1 and c-IAP2 failed to protect cells from apoptosis induced by Bax overexpression, tumor necrosis factor alpha treatment or Sindbis virus infection. However, deletion of the(More)
CD30 is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily that is expressed on activated lymphocytes, as well as on neoplastic cells of Hodgkin disease (HD) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). A number of reports have shown that, depending on cellular context, CD30 signaling can exert a variety of effects, ranging from cell death to(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are intracellular serine/threonine kinases activated by dual phosphorylation of adjacent threonine (T) and tyrosine (Y). A diverse number of extracellular signals induce activation of MAP kinases. Here we describe the cloning of a cDNA encoding human p38 MAP kinase (p38). The amino acid sequence of human p38 is 99.4%(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, occurs as an outcome of signals that direct cells to perish. Whether initiated by specifically activated receptors or induced through viral infection, apoptosis is an important means by which organisms maintain health and homeostasis. The apoptotic pathway uses several regulatory proteins that prevent uncontrolled cell(More)
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Self-administered quality of life (QOL) questionnaires provide objective evaluation of an individual’s symptoms. The Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 (PFDI-20) and the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire-7 (PFIQ-7) are condition-specific short form questionnaires. There are very few validated QOL questionnaires for women in Africa. The aim of this study was(More)
This research explores sustainable environmental management indicators in South African primary schools. Of key interest is the comparison of a township, farm and urban primary school that identify indicators that promote education for sustainable development in schools that implement an environmental management system. Data are drawn from one-on-one(More)
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