Barry W. Ache

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The projection pattern of antennular sensory afferents in the olfactory lobe (OL) of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, was examined by backfilling axons in the antennular nerve (AN) with biocytin. Thin, presumptive olfactory afferents from the lateral division of the AN form a tract in the brain that diverges into a dense plexus that completely envelops(More)
The organization of sensory afferents in the antennular nerve (AN) of the spiny lobster and the central arborization of the afferents in the lateral and medial antennular neuropils (LAN, MAN) were analyzed by backfilling the AN with biocytin. The MAN receives primarily thick afferents (diameter greater than or equal to 10 microns) with a consistent pattern(More)
Odors activate at least two distinct transduction pathways in lobster olfactory receptor cells that, respectively, excite and inhibit the cell. Data presented suggest that odors selectively activate the inhibitory conductance through the second messenger cAMP. Not all cells support both odor-evoked excitatory and inhibitory conductances; in the current(More)
1. Odor-evoked currents were recorded in Xenopus laevis olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) by the use of conventional, as well as nystatin and gramicidin-perforated, whole cell recording. The odor-evoked current ran down quickly in conventional, but not in perforated, whole cell recording. All three types of recording gave similar values for the amplitude,(More)
Olfaction is a vitally important sense for all animals. There are striking similarities between species in the organization of the olfactory pathway, from the nature of the odorant receptor proteins, to perireceptor processes, to the organization of the olfactory CNS, through odor-guided behavior and memory. These common features span a phylogenetically(More)
Antibodies against serotonin, dopamine, FMRF amide, substance P, and molluscan small cardioactive peptide (SCPB) were used to differentiate glomeruli and neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. Immunoreactivity to these antibodies identified distinct regions within individual columnar glomeruli of the olfactory lobe(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) selectively evokes an inward (excitatory) current in cultured lobster olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and directly activates two types of channels in cell-free patches of plasma membrane from the ORNs. The IP3-activated channels have kinetic properties of odor-activated channels in the ORNs and pharmacological properties(More)
1. Whole cell current-clamp recordings show that odors not only depolarize but may also hyperpolarize lobster olfactory receptor cells. Odor-evoked hyperpolarizations occurred in 36% of 178 receptor cells examined. Cell-attached recordings of action potentials followed by current-clamp recordings in the same cell indicate that depolarizing and(More)
Neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, were recorded intracellularly and filled with biocytin. Recorded neurons arborized in the olfactory lobe (OL), a glomerular neuropil innervated by olfactory and some presumptive mechanosensory antennular afferents. The neurons responded to chemosensory input from the lateral(More)