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Two sets of descending neurons primarily target the somata of neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. Hundreds to thousands of dopamine-like immunoreactive fibers originate in the lateral protocerebrum and terminate among the clustered somata of the olfactory deutocerebrum projection neurons (lateral soma cluster) and(More)
The projection pattern of antennular sensory afferents in the olfactory lobe (OL) of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, was examined by backfilling axons in the antennular nerve (AN) with biocytin. Thin, presumptive olfactory afferents from the lateral division of the AN form a tract in the brain that diverges into a dense plexus that completely envelops(More)
Antibodies against serotonin, dopamine, FMRF amide, substance P, and molluscan small cardioactive peptide (SCPB) were used to differentiate glomeruli and neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. Immunoreactivity to these antibodies identified distinct regions within individual columnar glomeruli of the olfactory lobe(More)
The organization of sensory afferents in the antennular nerve (AN) of the spiny lobster and the central arborization of the afferents in the lateral and medial antennular neuropils (LAN, MAN) were analyzed by backfilling the AN with biocytin. The MAN receives primarily thick afferents (diameter greater than or equal to 10 microns) with a consistent pattern(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that inositol phosphate as well as cyclic nucleotide signalling pathways mediate olfactory transduction. Both pathways can target multiple ion channel effectors, suggesting that olfactory receptor cells serve as more than simple selectivity filters and that they possibly represent the first stage of olfactory integration.
1. Odor-evoked currents were recorded in Xenopus laevis olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) by the use of conventional, as well as nystatin and gramicidin-perforated, whole cell recording. The odor-evoked current ran down quickly in conventional, but not in perforated, whole cell recording. All three types of recording gave similar values for the amplitude,(More)
The role of the soma of spiny lobster olfactory receptor cells in generating odor-evoked electrical signals was investigated by studying the ion channels and macroscopic currents of the soma. Four ionic currents; a tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ current, a Ca++ current, a Ca(++)-activated K+ current, and a delayed rectifier K+ current, were isolated by(More)
1. Whole cell current-clamp recordings show that odors not only depolarize but may also hyperpolarize lobster olfactory receptor cells. Odor-evoked hyperpolarizations occurred in 36% of 178 receptor cells examined. Cell-attached recordings of action potentials followed by current-clamp recordings in the same cell indicate that depolarizing and(More)
  • H Hatt, B W Ache
  • 1994
The idea of having two second messenger pathways in olfaction, one mediated by cAMP and the other by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, is supported by evidence that both second messengers directly activate distinct ion channels in the outer dendrite of lobster olfactory receptor neurons. Evidence that both types of second messenger-gated channels can occur in(More)