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The projection pattern of antennular sensory afferents in the olfactory lobe (OL) of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, was examined by backfilling axons in the antennular nerve (AN) with biocytin. Thin, presumptive olfactory afferents from the lateral division of the AN form a tract in the brain that diverges into a dense plexus that completely envelops(More)
The organization of sensory afferents in the antennular nerve (AN) of the spiny lobster and the central arborization of the afferents in the lateral and medial antennular neuropils (LAN, MAN) were analyzed by backfilling the AN with biocytin. The MAN receives primarily thick afferents (diameter greater than or equal to 10 microns) with a consistent pattern(More)
Two sets of descending neurons primarily target the somata of neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. Hundreds to thousands of dopamine-like immunoreactive fibers originate in the lateral protocerebrum and terminate among the clustered somata of the olfactory deutocerebrum projection neurons (lateral soma cluster) and(More)
Neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, were recorded intracellularly and filled with biocytin. Recorded neurons arborized in the olfactory lobe (OL), a glomerular neuropil innervated by olfactory and some presumptive mechanosensory antennular afferents. The neurons responded to chemosensory input from the lateral(More)
1. Odor-evoked currents were recorded in Xenopus laevis olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) by the use of conventional, as well as nystatin and gramicidin-perforated, whole cell recording. The odor-evoked current ran down quickly in conventional, but not in perforated, whole cell recording. All three types of recording gave similar values for the amplitude,(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) selectively evokes an inward (excitatory) current in cultured lobster olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and directly activates two types of channels in cell-free patches of plasma membrane from the ORNs. The IP3-activated channels have kinetic properties of odor-activated channels in the ORNs and pharmacological properties(More)
Antibodies against serotonin, dopamine, FMRF amide, substance P, and molluscan small cardioactive peptide (SCPB) were used to differentiate glomeruli and neurons in the olfactory deutocerebrum of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus. Immunoreactivity to these antibodies identified distinct regions within individual columnar glomeruli of the olfactory lobe(More)
1. Whole cell current-clamp recordings show that odors not only depolarize but may also hyperpolarize lobster olfactory receptor cells. Odor-evoked hyperpolarizations occurred in 36% of 178 receptor cells examined. Cell-attached recordings of action potentials followed by current-clamp recordings in the same cell indicate that depolarizing and(More)
An isolated brain preparation was used to characterize neurons innervating the accessory lobe (AL) of the spiny lobster (Panulirus argus). Four distinct classes of neurons responded to electrical stimulation of the olfactory (antennular) nerve. These cells responded to electrical stimulation with a long and variable latency; they also responded to odor(More)