Barry Thornton

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The biosphere is the major source and sink of nonmethane volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere. Gas-phase chemical reactions initiate the removal of these compounds from the atmosphere, which ultimately proceeds via deposition at the surface or direct oxidation to carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide. We performed ecosystem-scale flux(More)
SUMMARY *The flux of carbon from tree photosynthesis through roots to ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi and other soil organisms is assumed to vary with season and with edaphic factors such as nitrogen availability, but these effects have not been quantified directly in the field. *To address this deficiency, we conducted high temporal-resolution tracing of (13)C(More)
Plants of Lolium perenne L. were grown in sterile solution culture supplied with 2 mol m(-3) nitrogen as either nitrate or ammonium. Glutamine at 5 mol m(-3) was added to the nutrient solution of half the plants for 24 h. Root nitrate influx (at external nitrate concentrations 0-2000 mmol m(-3)) and amino acid concentrations were determined. In a second(More)
Plants of Lolium perenne were grown in sterile solution culture. 15N-labelled glycine (Gly) coupled with gas chromatograph mass spectrometry was used to prove that non-mycorrhizal plants of L. perenne are capable of acquiring N in the form of intact Gly. It was estimated that a minimum of 80% of Gly-N uptake, over a 3 h period, was as intact Gly, though(More)
Removable retainer wear is most related to patient comfort and acceptance. Patient compliance is essential for retention and maintenance of the orthodontic treatment results. Even though patients are educated about the need for prolonged retention after active treatment and asked to sign informed consent regarding the risk of noncompliance (relapse) prior(More)
Carbon dioxide respired by soils comes from both autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration. 13C has proved useful in differentiating between these two sources, but requires the collection and analysis of CO2 efflux from the soil. We have developed a novel, open chamber system which allows for the accurate and precise quantification of the delta13C of(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of the soil microbial community brought about by urea application and differences in the incorporation of urea-derived C into the soil phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) pool at differing soil pH. We selected four soils which ranged in pH from 3.9 to 7.8. 13C-labeled urea was applied at(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological basis of increased root exudation from Festuca rubra, in response to defoliation. The hypothesis, that assimilate supply to roots is a key determinant of the response of root exudation to defoliation was tested by imposing CO2-deplete (< 50 μmol mol−1) atmospheres to F. rubra. This was done as a(More)
The objective of the study was to identify specific plant traits determining adaptation of grass species to defoliation and N availability, and thus having a major impact on species dynamics, primary productivity, and on nutrient cycling in grassland ecosystems. It was specifically examined whether the response of species to defoliation is related to their(More)
The priming effect (PE) is a complex phenomenon which describes a modification (acceleration or retardation) in the mineralisation rate of refractory organic matter (OM) following inputs of labile material. PEs are well-studied in terrestrial ecosystems owing to their potential importance in the evolution of soil carbon stocks but have been largely ignored(More)