Barry S Selinsky

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Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) block prostanoid biosynthesis by inhibiting prostaglandin H(2) synthase (EC 1.14.99.1). NSAIDs are either rapidly reversible competitive inhibitors or slow tight-binding inhibitors of this enzyme. These different modes of inhibition correlate with clinically important differences in isoform selectivity.(More)
Prostaglandin H2 synthase (EC 1.14.99.1) is an integral membrane enzyme containing a cyclooxygenase site, which is the target for the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and a spatially distinct peroxidase site. Previous crystallographic studies of this clinically important drug target have been hindered by low resolution. We present here the 2.0 A(More)
P-31 single-pulse and cross-polarization (CP) nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were obtained of aqueous dispersions of pure phospholipids. Dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine, egg phosphatidylcholine, bovine brain sphingomyelin, and transphosphatidylated (from egg phosphatidylcholine)(More)
Aminosterols isolated from the dogfish shark Squalus acanthias are promising therapeutic agents in the treatment of infection and cancer. One of these, MSI-1436, has been shown to possess antimicrobial activity slightly better than squalamine. In this study, a series of analogs of MSI-1436 have been synthesized from stigmasterol. The 7 alpha-hydroxy(More)
Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes from rabbit muscle and of recombined membranes containing the calcium-dependent adenosinetriphosphatase (Ca-ATPase) of sarcoplasmic reticulum reveal two distinguishable, overlapping resonances. One resonance resembles a normal phospholipid bilayer resonance, and the other is(More)
Phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of rabbit muscle light sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes consist of two overlapping resonances, one much broader than the other. The broad resonance arises from phospholipids motionally restricted, probably by association with the Ca2+-ATPase, while the narrow resonance arises from phospholipid only slightly(More)
Bacterial resistance to vancomycin has been attributed to the loss of an intermolecular hydrogen bond between vancomycin and its peptidoglycan target when cell wall biosynthesis proceeds via depsipeptide intermediates rather than the usual polypeptide intermediates. To investigate the relative importance of this hydrogen bond to vancomycin binding, we have(More)
Analogs of the aminosterol antimicrobial agent squalamine have been synthesized beginning from hyodeoxycholic acid. After carboxylic acid esterification and oxidation of both alcohol functions to ketones, the A/B ring junction was converted from cis to trans by acid-catalyzed isomerization. Different polyamines were added to the 3-keto group by reductive(More)
The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs flurbiprofen and ibuprofen were modified in an attempt to alter the kinetics of inhibitor binding by COX-1. Contrary to prior predictions, a halogen substituent is not sufficient to confer slow tight-binding behavior. Conversion of the carboxylate moiety of flurbiprofen to an ester or amide abolishes slow(More)
The dissociation constants (pKa) for the pteridine ring system of dihydrofolate (H2folate) have been redetermined, and those for dihydrobiopterin (H2biopterin) have been determined. Determination of the pKa for N5 of H2folate is complicated by the low solubility and instability of H2folate at pH 2-4, and other complicating factors. The initial rate of(More)