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The pathology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is complex; multiple biological pathways have been implicated, including, but not limited to, inflammation and oxidative stress. Biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress may serve to help identify patients at risk for CVD, to monitor the efficacy of treatments, and to develop new pharmacological tools.(More)
BACKGROUND A variant in the promoter of the human uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) gene, the G-866A polymorphism, has been associated with future risk of coronary heart disease events, in those devoid of traditional risk factors and in those suffering from diabetes. We thus examined the impact of the G-866A polymorphism on 5-year survival in a cohort of 901(More)
BACKGROUND The AMPD1 gene C34T polymorphism has previously been associated with prolonged survival in small cohorts of heart failure (HF) and coronary artery disease patients. This study aimed to corroborate the association of the AMPD1 C34T polymorphism with survival in larger myocardial infarction (MI) and HF cohorts. METHODS Genotypes were obtained for(More)
AIMS Plasma aldosterone levels have been shown to be associated with adverse clinical outcomes after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We investigated whether aldosterone levels in patients presenting with STEMI or non-STEMI, are predictive of mortality during prolonged follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS Aldosterone levels were assayed in plasma(More)
Angiotensinogen M235T and T174M polymorphisms have individually been associated with elevated levels of plasma angiotensinogen, hypertension, and left ventricular hypertrophy. In this study, heart failure patients (n=451) were genotyped for the angiotensinogen M235T and T174M polymorphisms to investigate association with survival (recorded over 4 years of(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was the exploration of the associations between the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and post-myocardial infarction (MI) outcomes, especially any interaction with the accepted clinical prognostic markers brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and left ventricular ejection fraction(More)
BACKGROUND The Ile164 variant of the beta2-adrenoceptor has been shown to alter cardiovascular phenotypes and adversely affect survival in heart failure patients. AIMS We aimed to replicate this observation by genotyping a cohort of 451 heart failure patients for the Ile164 polymorphism. METHODS Patient outcome was recorded over a median follow-up(More)
This study examined renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system gene variants for associations with cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in coronary heart disease. Coronary disease patients (n=1186) were genotyped for 21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin-II type-1(More)
To the Editor: Nakayama et al 1 have described an interesting polymorphism in the NPR-A gene in a Japanese population. An 8-nucleotide deletion in the 5Ј untranslated region (UTR) of the gene was found to be associated with essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertro-phy in a study of 200 hypertensive (HT) and 200 normotensive (NT) subjects. The(More)