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The relative contributions of genes and shared environment to cardiovascular risk factors were studied in twins and pedigrees in 1983-1985. Sitting, standing, isometric hand grip, bicycling, and mentally stressed (serial subtraction) blood pressures were obtained from 146 male monozygous twins, 162 male dizygous twins, and 1,102 healthy adults in 67 Utah(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine possible genetic contributions to cardiovascular reactivity by contrasting patterns of association in 82 monozygotic (MZ) and 88 dizygotic (DZ) adult male twin pairs (age range = 21 to 61 years, M = 35 years). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) were(More)
Population-based sibships with essential hypertension diagnosed before the age of 60 years are being screened in Utah to find two or more hypertensive siblings with the same biochemical abnormality as a clue to an inherited cause for their specific type of hypertension. Among 131 hypertensive subjects in 58 sibships, concordant abnormalities in fasting(More)
CONTEXT The impact of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) on antimicrobial prescribing in ambulatory settings has not previously been evaluated. OBJECTIVE To measure the added value of CDSS when coupled with a community intervention to reduce inappropriate prescribing of antimicrobial drugs for acute respiratory tract infections. DESIGN,(More)
Familial dyslipidemic hypertension (FDH) is a syndrome recently described from sibships selected for early familial hypertension and found to have one or more of three fasting lipid abnormalities [high triglycerides, low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, high low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol]. In further analyses of these same 131(More)
Color duplex flow imaging (CDFI) permits pain- and risk-free direct imaging of the deep venous system of the lower extremities. To prospectively ascertain the accuracy and limitations of this technique, CDFI was performed in 75 lower limbs of 69 consecutive patients referred for venographic evaluation of clinically suspected lower extremity deep venous(More)
Demographic, economic and humanitarian considerations dictate that effective preventive health care be provided to the elderly. A disease-specific approach to geriatric preventive health care will not suffice; measures to enhance or maintain physical, mental and social function must also be emphasized. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of many preventive(More)
An overview of published observations suggests that both genetic predisposition and environment work together to produce hypertension in most persons. High blood pressure before age 55 occurs 3.8 times more often among persons with a strong positive family history of high blood pressure. Much of the total variability in blood pressure in modern populations(More)
The genetic and environmental determinants of hypertension, lipid abnormalities, and coronary artery disease (CAD) have been studied for 15 years in Utah in population-based multigenerational pedigrees (2500 subjects among 98 pedigrees), twin pairs (74 monozygous and 78 dizygous), hypertensive siblings (131 sibships), siblings with CAD before age 55 (45(More)
The frequency of familial dyslipidemia syndromes was determined from blood tests in 33 objectively ascertained families with early coronary heart disease (CHD) (two or more siblings with CHD by the age of 55 years). Three fourths of persons with early CHD in these families had 90th percentile lipid abnormalities (cholesterol level at or above the 90th(More)