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The changes in serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FHS), estradiol, and progesterone that occur both early and late in reproductive life were characterized and compared with findings in young, normal women and in patients with certain menstrual disorders. A total of 50 complete menstrual cycles in 37 were examined. Five(More)
We studied disturbances in the circadian pattern of plasma corticotropin and cortisol concentrations in 25 depressed patients (eight dexamethasone suppression test [DST] nonsuppressors and 17 suppressors) and 21 normal control subjects. Blood samples were drawn every 20 minutes for 24 hours before the administration of dexamethasone, and for a second 24(More)
Although studies have repeatedly demonstrated that depressed patients average higher baseline and postdexamethasone serum cortisol than normal controls, studies examining similar trends in adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) have produced conflicting results. The current study uniquely employs 48 hr of every 20-min serum sampling: the first 24 hr prior to(More)
Serum cortisol response to the 1-mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test was studied in 221 depressed patients and 109 nondepressed psychiatric controls. Nonsuppression distinguished patients with primary unipolar depression (65/146) from patients with secondary unipolar depression (0/42) and nondepressed controls (0/109). Furthermore, nonsuppression(More)
Serum-cortisol response to the 1 mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test was investigated in 86 patients with unipolar primary depressive illness and 80 non-depressed controls (45 with mania and 35 with schizophrenia). The depressed patients were assigned to one of three genetic subtypes according to the family psychiatric history. Resistance to(More)
We studied the effect of age on the circadian rhythm of plasma cortisol in 34 normal subjects, aged 18-75 yr. Blood was sampled at 20-min intervals beginning at 2000 h, and the data were analyzed using the PULSAR program and the cosinor method. There was a negative correlation between age and the time of the maximum cortisol concentration (r = -0.548; P =(More)
The glucose response to a standard insulin tolerance test (ITT) has been reported to be blunted in the acute phase of heterogeneous depressive disorders and to be normal in the recovered phase. We studied the glucose response to ITT in the recovered phase depression in patients who had previously been subclassified according to familial and clinical(More)
We examined the plasma cortisol and ACTH concentrations after graded doses of dexamethasone in a group of young, healthy adults. The decrease in cortisol was uniform in all subjects, and in 8 subjects there was a high degree of correspondence with the plasma ACTH concentration. The remaining 5 subjects had no change in plasma ACTH concentration during(More)
We measured plasma ACTH and cortisol at 20-min intervals for 24 h in depressed patients and healthy control subjects. The data were analyzed by the PULSAR program to quantitate the number of hormone pulses, their amplitude, length, maximum and interval. We found that in both healthy and depressed subjects the circadian pattern of pituitary-adrenal activity(More)
Despite elevated levels of serum and urinary cortisol, patients with depressive illness manifest none of the clinical stigmata of glucocorticoid excess. This hypercortisolemia in the absence of clinical effects suggests a state of hormone resistance and could be mediated by alterations in the glucocorticoid receptor. Earlier studies have shown that small(More)