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The central nervous system (CNS) effects of mental stress in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are unexplored. The present study used positron emission tomography (PET) to measure brain correlates of mental stress induced by an arithmetic serial subtraction task in CAD and healthy subjects. Mental stress resulted in hyperactivation in CAD patients(More)
An approach to analyzing and quantifying the shape characteristics of the endocardial contour of the left ventricle of the heart is described. The computation begins by finding the local curvature differences between the contour under consideration and the mean normal contour at each of 100 equidistant points. The weighted square of these differences,(More)
In order to reach a world-wide consensus on the normal range of left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction (EF) at rest and during exercise, pooled data of 1200 normal subjects from 28 leading centres in the field of nuclear cardiology (68% of those contacted) was analysed. Weighted mean normal values for LVEF at rest were 62.3 +/- 6.1% (ISD)(More)
Normal left ventricular systolic performance with impaired left ventricular diastolic filling may be present in a substantial number of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). To evaluate the effect of oral verapamil in this subset, 20 men (mean age 68 +/- 5 years) with CHF, intact left ventricular function (ejection fraction greater than 45%) and(More)
The intrinsic variability and accuracy of left ventricular ejection fraction determined by multiple gated cardiac blood pool imaging was evaluated in 83 patients. Ejection fraction by gated studies correlated well with data from first pass radionuclide angiocardiography (r = 0.94) and from contrast angiography (r = 0.84). Intra- and interobserver(More)
Noninvasive imaging strategies will be critical for defining the temporal characteristics of angiogenesis and assessing efficacy of angiogenic therapies. The alphavbeta3 integrin is expressed in angiogenic vessels and represents a potential novel target for imaging myocardial angiogenesis. We demonstrated the localization of an indium-111-labeled(More)
Tetrofosmin is a 99mTc-labeled myocardial perfusion imaging agent that has shown encouraging results in Phase I and II clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to determine the biokinetics of this agent following administration during exercise and at rest in order to determine an optimal imaging protocol. Twenty patients with suspected coronary artery(More)
We measured cardiac performance sequentially, using quantitative radionuclide angiocardiography to estimate left ventricular ejection fraction in 55 patients receiving doxorubicin for treatment of cancer. With final doxorubicin dosages greater than 350 mg per square meter, the lowest ejection fraction measured was significantly less than the initial(More)
First pass radionuclide angiocardiography under conditions of rest and exercise was utilized to evaluate a group of 16 postoperative patients who had undergone total surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot. Functional data were related to thallium-201 myocardial imaging at rest, a noninvasive means of detecting right ventricular hypertrophy. All 16(More)