Barry L. Zaret

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The central nervous system (CNS) effects of mental stress in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are unexplored. The present study used positron emission tomography (PET) to measure brain correlates of mental stress induced by an arithmetic serial subtraction task in CAD and healthy subjects. Mental stress resulted in hyperactivation in CAD patients(More)
Changes in the capacitance vasculature influence venous return and cardiac performance, so an understanding of the effects of pathophysiologic states on the human capacitance vasculature is necessary to understand integrated cardiovascular function in man. Techniques available to assess the capacitance vasculature in man, however, have limitations. We(More)
I n the past decade, significant advances have been made in the ability to image the heart with radionuclide tracers under stress and resting conditions in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) for the detection of ischemia, determination of prognosis, assessment of myocar-dial viability, preoperative risk assessment for patients(More)
Cardiac prostaglandin release was studied in closed-chest dogs during acute coronary occlusion. Aortic and coronary sinus blood was obtained before, and at intervals after, balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending artery in seven dogs. Samples were assayed for prostaglandins F, E, and A by randioimmunoassay. All dogs demonstrated prostaglandin F(More)
The dual radionuclide myocardial distributions of imaging agents potassium-43 (43K) and technetium-99m stannous pyrophosphate (99mTc-PYP) were studied in a 24-hour closed chest canine infarct preparation. In multiple myocardial biopsies in 20 dogs, tissue levels of both radionuclides were compared to either an index of tissue viability (myocardial creatine(More)
The effect of incremental dosages of oral propranolol (mean peak dose of 165 +/- 13 mg/day) of left ventricular ejection fraction, ejection rate and regional wall motion was studied sequentially in 22 stable, resting patients with coronary artery disease using a geometry-independent first-pass radionuclide angiocardiographic technique. All patients improved(More)
T he combination of clinical coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus is a harbinger of adverse outcome. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and the American Heart Association indicated the importance of diabetes mellitus as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. 1,2 Patients with diabetes mellitus often have(More)
The uptake of liposomes bearing positive, negative, or no net charge on their membrane and containing a radioactive tracer, [99mTc]diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, was studied in 12 intact dogs 24 hours after the induction of myocardial infarction, and compared to the relative regional myocardial blood flow determined from radioactive microspheres.(More)
SUMMARY The ability of cardiac scintigraphy with indium-lll ('1l1n)-labeled platelets to detect coronary artery thrombosis (CAT) was assessed in a canine model. Cardiac imaging and tissue distribution studies were performed shortly after administering "11In-labeled platelets to 12 dogs (group 1) with acute CAT. Four dogs (group 2) with acute CAT were(More)