Barry L. Yano

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The Society of Toxicologic Pathology convened a working group to evaluate current practices regarding organ weights in toxicology studies. A survey was distributed to pharmaceutical, veterinary, chemical, food/nutritional and consumer product companies in Europe, North America, and Japan. Responses were compiled to identify organs routinely weighed for(More)
Groups of 12 male 42-day-old rats were exposed to 0 or 800 ppm styrene vapors for 14 hr/day, 5 days/week for 3 weeks. Tone-pip auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) at 4, 8, 16, and 30 kHz were obtained after the last exposure. ABRs were minimally affected at 4 kHz and moderately to severely affected at 8, 16, and 30 kHz as indicated by waveforms which had a(More)
Meal prepared from Cry1F/Cry1Ac transgenic/genetically modified cottonseed (WIDESTRIKE Insect Protection, hereafter referred to as WIDESTRIKE) was compared to cottonseed meal prepared from four conventionally bred lines of cotton (three commercial non-transgenic line controls (PHY72, PHY78 and 98M-2983), and a near isoline non-transgenic control (PSC355) in(More)
The frequency and mutational profile of H-ras gene activation were determined in spontaneous liver tumors of male C57BL/6 x C3H/He mice and in tumors induced with the genotoxic hepatocarcinogen benzidine.2 HCl or the nongenotoxic hepatocarcinogens phenobarbital, chloroform, and ciprofibrate. DNA sequence analysis of the H-ras gene from representative tumors(More)
Forms of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (collectively known as 2,4-D) are herbicides used to control a wide variety of broadleaf and woody plants. Single-dose acute and 1-year chronic neurotoxicity screening studies in male and female Fischer 344 rats (10/sex/dose) were conducted on 2,4-D according to the U.S. EPA 1991 guidelines. The studies emphasized a(More)
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) was administered daily in the feed to evaluate toxicity and oncogenicity potential in male and female Fischer 344 rats, according to U.S. EPA guidelines. Doses for the 2-year study were based on findings in a 13-week feeding study in which lower body weights, urinary perineal staining, adrenal cortical vacuolization, and inhibition(More)
The dermal Tg.AC transgenic mouse line is currently being used as a short-term alternative in vivo model for carcinogenicity screening of drugs and environmental chemicals. These mice carry multiple copies of an activated v-Ha-ras oncogene, making them susceptible to promotionally induced tumorigenesis caused by carcinogen exposure or deep skin wounding.(More)
Large evoked potential and EEG changes occurred in a pilot study in Fischer 344 rats during exposure to 800 ppm of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethylene [perchloroethylene (Perc)], a cleaning solvent with anesthetic properties. In the main study, rats were evaluated for persistent nervous system effects the week following exposure to 0, 50, 200, or 800 ppm Perc for 6(More)
Nitrapyrin has been registered as a nitrogen stabilizer in the United States for many years based on a robust set of regulatory data. These data demonstrated that nitrapyrin was not genotoxic and that there were no tumors elicited in rats or mice that were relevant for human risk assessment. A repeat carcinogenicity study in B6C3F1 mice, conducted at two(More)