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Pheochromocytomas are rare catecholamine-producing neuroendocrine tumors that are usually benign, but which may also present as or develop into a malignancy. Predicting such behavior is notoriously difficult and there are currently no curative treatments for malignant tumors. This report follows from a workshop at the Banbury Conference Center, Cold Spring(More)
The purpose of this guideline is to assist nuclear medicine practitioners in recommending, performing, interpreting , and reporting the results of diuretic renography in children. Pelvicaliectasis (distension of the pelvicalyceal system) with or without megaureter (distension of the ureter) is the most common indication for radionuclide evaluation of the(More)
PURPOSE To assess the uptake in neuroblastoma of 2-[fluorine-18] -fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) versus metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventeen patients with known or suspected neuroblastoma underwent FDG positron emission tomography (PET) (20 scans) and MIBG scintigraphy. Tumor uptake of FDG was quantified on positive PET scans.(More)
Flurodeoxyglucose PET (FDG PET) is very useful for staging and restaging adult lymphomas. Its effectiveness in childhood lymphomas is less established. To evaluate the potential utility of FDG PET in the care of pediatric patients with lymphomas, we examined the clinical data and imaging findings of 26 patients, 8 - 19 years of age (14 HD, 12 NHL) who(More)
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) was developed 18 yr ago for scintigraphic imaging of the adrenomedullary tumors pheochromocytoma and neuroblastoma. Many studies have shown the usefulness of this agent for the management of patients with neuroblastoma or pheochromocytoma, and the 131I-labeled form was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We sought to assess the ability of (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) PET/CT to distinguish adrenal adenomas from nonadenomas in patients with suspected malignancy. METHODS Fifty-nine adrenal masses were evaluated with coregistered (18)F-FDG PET (PET/CT). Two reviewers independently graded uptake of (18)F-FDG by visual(More)
Increased activation of the central benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) appears to play an important role in hepatic encephalopathy (HE). However, there is controversy regarding whether the density or affinity of BZRs is altered. A previous positron emission tomography (PET) study using the BZR antagonist [11C]flumazenil (FMZ) found two- to threefold greater(More)
  • B L Shulkin
  • 1997
This article summarizes the major PET studies which have been performed in pediatric patients to elucidate and characterize diseases and normal development. Issues special for the application of the technique in children, such as dosimetry, patient preparation, and image acquisition are discussed. Studies of central nervous system (CNS) development and(More)
The frequency, nature, and duration of postprocedural symptoms in 100 children who underwent voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) after administration of 17.2% wt/vol iothalamate meglumine, 100 children who underwent radionuclide cystography (RNC) after administration of saline and technetium-99m pertechnetate, and 28 children catheterized before diuretic(More)
Neuroblastoma is an enigmatic disease entity; some tumors disappear spontaneously without any therapy, while others progress with a fatal outcome despite the implementation of maximal modern therapy. However, strong prognostic factors can accurately predict whether children have "good" or "bad" disease at diagnosis, and the clinical stage is currently the(More)