Barry Kirkpatrick

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This paper investigates approaches for low dimensional speech feature transformation using manifold learning. It has recently been shown that speech sounds may exist on a low dimensional manifold nonlinearly embedded in high dimensional space. A number of techniques have been developed in recent years that attempt to discover the geometric structure of the(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor expression is regulated by estradiol and GnRH itself. The objective of this experiment was to determine the extent to which low levels of estradiol, similar to those observed during the transition from the luteal to the follicular phase of the estrous cycle, and GnRH interact to regulate expression of GnRH(More)
The quality of concatenated speech depends on the degree of mismatch between successive units. Defining a perceptually salient join cost to represent the degree of mismatch has proven to be a difficult task. Such a join cost is critical in unit selection synthesis to ensure that the optimum sequence of speech units is selected from the units available in(More)
The quality of concatenative speech synthesis depends on the cost function employed for unit selection. Effective cost functions for spectral continuity have proven difficult to define and standard measures do not accurately reflect human perception of spectral discontinuity in concatenated speech. Previous studies on spectral join costs have focused(More)