Barry J. Sugarman

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The expanding use of adenoviral vectors for gene therapy has brought about the need for new analytical tools. We have developed an anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography method to analyze recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 samples. Before this assay, available analytical methods consisted of either long-term biological assays or required(More)
Modulation of the growth of human and murine cell lines in vitro by recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF-alpha) and recombinant human interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) was investigated. rTNF-alpha had cytostatic or cytolytic effects on only some tumor cell lines. When administered together with rIFN-gamma, rTNF-alpha showed enhanced(More)
Activated macrophages (aM phi) destroy more effectively cancer cells than normal cells. The mechanism by which macrophages destroy cancer cells is not known. We report here that tumor cells susceptible to aM phi were killed by recombinant (r) tumor necrosis factor type alpha (TNF-alpha), whereas variant tumor cells resistant to aM phi after selection in(More)
We have isolated and characterized in detail 15 lambda Charon 4A recombinant bacteriophage containing histone genes from a chicken genomic library. Restriction enzyme-mapping analysis and Southern hybridization to sequenced, homologous histone probes indicate that these genes are not tandemly reiterated within the chicken genome; they usually reside in(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan polymer that often accumulates in malignancy. Megadalton complexes of HA with proteoglycans create a hydrated connective tissue matrix, which may play an important role in tumor stroma formation. Through its colloid osmotic effects, HA complexes contribute to tumor interstitial fluid pressure, limiting the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND This phase 1 study investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) and glucodynamics of insulin lispro (Humalog; Eli Lilly and Co., Indianapolis, IN) or regular human insulin (Humulin R; Eli Lilly and Co.) administered with or without (+/-) recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20). METHODS Healthy male volunteers (n = 26), 18-55 years old with body(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) synergistically enhanced the antiproliferative activity of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in both TNF-sensitive and TNF-resistant variants of the cervical carcinoma line, ME-180. TNF alone had no apparent effect on the levels of synthesis of individual proteins in either of these variant cell lines as assessed by computerized(More)
Replication-deficient adenoviruses expressing human interferon-alpha2b (HuIFN-alpha2b) or the hybrid IFN-alpha2alpha1 or those with the secretory signal deleted, whose express is driven by the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) promoter, were constructed and characterized. Synthesis of IFN protein and secretion or intracellular retention were tested by Western(More)
A recombinant adenovirus expressing human interferon alpha2b driven by the cytomegalovirus promoter, IACB, was shown to produce and secrete biologically active protein in vitro and in vivo. Intravenous administration of IACB in Buffalo rats resulted in circulating levels of biologically active human interferon at 70,000 international units/mL for up to 15(More)
Replicating adenoviruses may prove to be effective anticancer agents if they can be engineered to selectively destroy tumor cells. We have constructed a virus (01/PEME) containing a novel regulatory circuit in which p53-dependent expression of an antagonist of the E2F transcription factor inhibits viral replication in normal cells. In tumor cells, however,(More)