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BACKGROUND There are few studies examining breast cancer in women under the age of 40 years, particularly in western European populations. Such tumours are reported to be more aggressive, possibly due to a different pathophysiology compared to older patients. METHODS We performed a retrospective review of all women less than 40 years of age, diagnosed or… (More)
Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis remains under-recognised as it is often not pursued as a primary diagnosis. The aetiology of IVC thrombosis can be divided into congenital versus acquired, with all aetiological factors found among Virchow's triad of stasis, injury and hypercoagulability. Signs and symptoms are related to aetiology and range from no… (More)
We present two cases of clinically extensive bilateral DVTs associated with inferior vena caval thrombosis. Young patients presenting with symptoms of DVT should be investigated not only to establish any thrombophilic pre-disposition, but to ascertain the proximal extent of thrombus which may itself influence treatment.
Since its first description in 1879, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome remains a debilitating condition, which frequently affects young active people. Increased awareness of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome combined with improvements in investigative modalities has resulted in a more frequent diagnosis of this eminently treatable condition. In this… (More)
This review concentrates on the investigation of the patient with venous ulceration with a view to presenting current best practice. The aim is to maximize benefit for patients and their medical team by directing appropriate investigation leading to optimized results in the treatment of this highly prevalent, quality of life reducing and socioeconomically… (More)
People with Cystic Fibrosis have a high risk of MRSA infection. Prevalence has increased from 7% of patients in 2001 to 17.2% of patients in 2005 in the USA (1). It is unclear whether MRSA respiratory infection influences lung function, which antibiotics (if any) should be used to treat MRSA infection and for how long. This study investigates the prevalence… (More)
Aortic dissection occurring in the infrarenal abdominal aorta is uncommon. We present the case of a patient presenting with an enlarging abdominal aortic aneurysm and concurrent dissection (with associated radiological imaging) and briefly discuss the literature relating to this phenomenon.