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Using positron emission tomography, we studied cerebral glucose metabolism in drug-free, age- and sex-matched, right-handed patients with unipolar depression (n = 10), bipolar depression (n = 10), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with secondary depression (n = 10), OCD without major depression (n = 14), and normal controls (n = 12). Depressed patients(More)
We used positron emission tomography to investigate local cerebral metabolic rates for glucose (LCMRG1c) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder before and after treatment with either fluoxetine hydrochloride or behavior therapy. After treatment, LCMRG1c in the head of the right caudate nucleus, divided by that in the ipsilateral hemisphere (Cd/hem),(More)
A two-dimensional (2D) chemical shift correlated MR spectroscopic (COSY) sequence integrated into a new volume localization technique (90 degrees -180 degrees -90 degrees ) is proposed for whole-body MR spectroscopy (MRS). Using the product operator formalism, a theoretical calculation of the volume localization as well as the coherence transfer(More)
We studied 14 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) by positron emission tomography and the fluorodeoxyglucose method, looking for abnormalities in local cerebral metabolic rates for glucose in brain structures that have been hypothesized to function abnormally in OCD. These patients were compared with 14 normal controls and 14 patients with(More)
The authors compared 10 nondepressed patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder with 10 normal control subjects of the same sex and similar age for cerebral glucose metabolic rates obtained using positron emission tomography. Obsessive-compulsive patients showed significantly elevated metabolic rates in the whole cerebral hemispheres, heads of the caudate(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the changes in brain water diffusivity in hepatic encephalopathy (HE) associated with cirrhosis using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and to correlate with neuropsychological (NP) scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS DTI was performed in 14 patients with low-grade HE and age/gender-comparable 16 healthy controls. Whole brain mean diffusivity(More)
Sex-related differences have been reported for some brain neuroanatomical structures and several measures of brain function. We studied the cerebral glucose metabolic rates of normal men (n = 7) and women (n = 7) with positron emission tomography and the fluorodeoxyglucose method. Women were studied between days 5 and 15 of the menstrual cycle. Women had(More)
Partial sleep deprivation (PSD), keeping a subject awake from 2 AM to 9 PM produces an acute mood improvement in 60% of patients with major depression. We sought to characterize the timing, subcomponent mood, and motor activity changes of this response. Thirty-seven subjects with major depression were rated with the 6-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-6)(More)
While dysregulations of physiological circadian rhythms are common findings in depression and have been posited to be involved in the mediation of depressive episodes, only recently has the role of social circadian rhythms in the pathogenesis of depression been a focus of interest. The Social Rhythm Metric (SRM), designed to describe the regularity of a(More)